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David dictionary

Contents
David dictionary
A  B  C  D  E   F  G  H  I  J 
K  L  M  N  O   P  Q  R  S  T 
U  V  W  X  Y   Z 
Note No.
01 02 03 04 05  06 07 08 09 10
11 12 13 14 15  16 17 18 19 20
21
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This is a dictionary about David.

David typifies the elder in the New Testament church.

In Scripture the name of David is his alone. It typifies the unique place he has as ancestor, forerunner and foreshadower of the Lord Jesus Christ - 'great David's greater son'.

David occupies a position of such prominence in the lineage of our Lord and the purpose of God and the material about him is abundant and rich.

The story of David is found between 1Sa 16 and 1Ki 2, with much of the material parallel in 1Ch 2-29.

This is a list of names to help to study David. Some details are added to the names and also a Scripture. The names are mainly the names of people or locations appearing in the Bible in connection with reports about David.

See also
2.16 Genealogical table of David and his family

The text from the Bible is often the verse where the name appears for the first time in the description of the life of David. These are mainly the seven books from Ruth to 2 Chronicles:

   Ruth            Ru       The Book of Ruth
   1 Samuel        1Sa      The First Book of Samuel
   2 Samuel        2Sa      The Second Book of Samuel
   1 Kings         1Ki      The First Book of the Kings
   2 Kings         2Ki      The Second Book of the Kings
   1 Chronicles    1Ch      The First Book of the Chronicles
   2 Chronicles    2Ch      The Second Book of the Chronicles

Names from lists are normally not included in this dictionary. The exception being the names of the sons of David, which are given in the Bible, they are listed, also in their different spellings. Six were born in Hebron (x/6) and in Jerusalem 4 to Bathsheba and 10 to mothers whose names are not given.

The less material about a name, for instance of a person or a place, is in the Bible, the greater is the multiplicity of spellings with the different translations of the Bible. So there can be difficulties in finding a name in this dictionary.

After the dictionary follow lists, also lists of David's sons, and other notes.

 

Contents David dictionary

David dictionary
NameRelationship to DavidDetailsScripture text Scripture
Contents A       
Aaron David brought the ark, for the first time, to Jerusalem because he, as the leader of the Israelites, as the leader of the church of that time, wanted that his people again turned completely to God. For the purpose of carrying the ark from Kirjathjearim to Jerusalem David employed the children of Aaron and the Levites. See Genealogical table of Abraham and his family. Aaron was the first high priest of the Hebrews. Later high priests and priests traced their decent from him. Aaron was the elder brother of Moses; their sister was Miriam; she was older than both of them. Aaron was the son of Amram, whose father was Kohath, the second son of Levi, and Levi was the third son of Jacob. Aaron's mother was Jochebed, the daughter of Levi. Aaron's sons were Nadab, Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar. Eleazar's son was Phinehas. And David assembled the children of Aaron, and the Levites: 1Ch 15:4
Abel great stone near Bethshemesh. The Philistines wanted to get rid of the ark of God and put in on a cart and two cows in front of it and the two cows transported the ark to the great stone near Bethshemesh, upon which the Levites set the ark when the two cows returned it to Israel. When David had become king in Jerusalem he brought the ark of God to Jerusalem and made preparations for a temple to house the ark. David's son Solomon then actually built the temple. From Bethshemesh the ark came to Kirjathjearim and from there David took it to Obededom and from him to Jerusalem. And he went through all the tribes of Israel unto Abel, and to Bethmaachah, and all the Berites: and they were gathered together, and went also after him. 2Sa 20:14
Abia or Abijah (2) or Abijam great-grandson, king of Judah King Rehoboam's son Abijah (2) reigned in his stead. His mother was Michaiah the daughter of Uriel of Gibeah. According to 2Ch 11:22 Rehoboam thought to make Abijah (1) king. His mother was Maachah, the daughter of Absalom. But actually then Abijah (2) became king of Judah, 2Ch 13:1-2. He was the son of Michaiah, the daughter of Uriel of Gibeah. And Solomon's son was Rehoboam, Abia his son, Asa his son, Jehoshaphat his son, 1Ch 3:10
Abiathar high priest, son of Ahimelech the son of Ahitub the son of Phinehas the son of Eli. He is the type of a priest who seemed to be loyal to David all the time but when he saw a chance coming up to outdo the other priest, Zadok, then he wanted to be first and betrayed the church. Abiathar was the high priest and fourth in descent from Eli, who alone of the sons of the high priest Ahimelech escaped death when Saul, in revenge for aid given to David, attempted to wipe out this entire line of priests. Abiathar became a lifelong friend of David. When David became king, he appointed Abiathar high priest. Abiathar adhered to Adonijah when Adonijah attempted to become king. For this unwise move Solomon banished Abiathar to Anathoth, disposing him from his office, and confining the high priestly succession to Zadok of the elder line of Aaron's sons. In this manner the rule of Eli's house terminated in fulfilment of prophecy. And one of the sons of Ahimelech the son of Ahitub, named Abiathar, escaped, and fled after David. 1Sa 22:20
Abiel father of Ner. grandfather of Abner And the name of Saul's wife was Ahinoam, the daughter of Ahimaaz: and the name of the captain of his host was Abner, the son of Ner, Saul's uncle. And Kish was the father of Saul; and Ner the father of Abner was the son of Abiel. 1Sa 14:50-51
Abigail sister daughter of Nahash. So Abigail was not a daughter of Jesse, David's father. She was David's half-sister. She could have been a daughter of David's mother from a previous marriage and already of age when her mother married again and was therefore never part of Jesse's house and was therefore not named as his daughter. And Absalom made Amasa captain of the host instead of Joab: which Amasa was a man's son, whose name was Ithra an Israelite, that went in to Abigail the daughter of Nahash, sister to Zeruiah Joab's mother. 2Sa 17:25
Abigail wife wife of Nabal the Carmelite and who then became the wife of David. She was a woman who called things that are not as though they were (Ro 4:17). See Abigail and learn how to speak like a queen. And there was a man in Maon, whose possessions were in Carmel; and the man was very great, and he had three thousand sheep, and a thousand goats: and he was shearing his sheep in Carmel. Now the name of the man was Nabal; and the name of his wife Abigail: and she was a woman of good understanding, and of a beautiful countenance: but the man was churlish and evil in his doings; and he was of the house of Caleb. 1Sa 25:2-3
Abihail niece mother of Mahalath, the wife of King Rehoboam, David's second successor. Abihail was the daughter of David's eldest brother Eliab and her husband was Jerimoth, son of David. And Rehoboam took him Mahalath the daughter of Jerimoth the son of David to wife, and Abihail the daughter of Eliab the son of Jesse; 2Ch 11:18
Abijah (1) great-grandson. King Rehoboam's son Abijah (1) became chief among his brethren. His mother was Maachah, the daughter of Absalom. Rehoboam was David's grandson, Maachah was David's granddaughter. According to 2Ch 11:22 Rehoboam thought to make Abijah (1) king, but actually then Abijah (2) became king of Judah, 2Ch 13:1-2. The mother of Abijah (2) was Michaiah, the daughter of Uriel of Gibeah. In 2Ch 11:21 we read: "And Rehoboam loved Maachah the daughter of Absalom above all his wives and his concubines: (for he took eighteen wives, and threescore concubines; and begat twenty and eight sons, and threescore daughters.)" With 28 sons it could easily be that two sons got the same name, especially as they were from different wives. And Rehoboam made Abijah the son of Maachah the chief, to be ruler among his brethren: for he thought to make him king. 2Ch 11:22
Abijah (2) or Abia or Abijam great-grandson, king of Judah King Rehoboam's son Abijah (2) reigned in his stead. His mother was Michaiah the daughter of Uriel of Gibeah. According to 2Ch 11:22 Rehoboam thought to make Abijah (1) king. His mother was Maachah, the daughter of Absalom. But actually then Abijah (2) became king of Judah, 2Ch 13:1-2. He was the son of Michaiah, the daughter of Uriel of Gibeah. He reigned three years in Jerusalem. His mother's name also was Michaiah the daughter of Uriel of Gibeah. And there was war between Abijah and Jeroboam. 2Ch 13:2
Abijam or Abia or Abijah (2) great-grandson, king of Judah King Rehoboam's son Abijah (2) reigned in his stead. His mother was Michaiah the daughter of Uriel of Gibeah. According to 2Ch 11:22 Rehoboam thought to make Abijah (1) king. His mother was Maachah, the daughter of Absalom. But actually then Abijah (2) became king of Judah, 2Ch 13:1-2. He was the son of Michaiah, the daughter of Uriel of Gibeah. And Rehoboam slept with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the city of David. And his mother's name was Naamah an Ammonitess. And Abijam his son reigned in his stead. 1Ki 14:31
Abimelech the son of Jerubbesheth. Jerubbesheth is the epithet, or by-word, of Gideon. So Abimelech is the son of Gideon, the judge who delivered Israel from the Midianites. Abimelech was the successor of Gideon as judge of Israel. Who smote Abimelech the son of Jerubbesheth? did not a woman cast a piece of a millstone upon him from the wall, that he died in Thebez? why went ye nigh the wall? then say thou, Thy servant Uriah the Hittite is dead also. 2Sa 11:21
Abinadab second eldest brother [2/8] Bethlehem Then Jesse called Abinadab, and made him pass before Samuel. And he said, Neither hath the LORD chosen this. 1Sa 16:8
Abinadab son of King Saul slain in mount Gilboa, together with his father and brothers And the Philistines followed hard upon Saul and upon his sons; and the Philistines slew Jonathan, and Abinadab, and Malchishua, Saul's sons. 1Sa 31:2
Abinadab in his house the ark was deposited A man (a Levite?) of Kirjath-jearim, in whose house the ark was deposited after it was returned by the Philistines (1Sa 7:1). And they set the ark of God upon a new cart, and brought it out of the house of Abinadab that was in Gibeah: and Uzzah and Ahio, the sons of Abinadab, drave the new cart. 2Sa 6:3
Abishag a Shunammite David's servants sought a young virgin, a fair damsel out of Israel for David to let her lie in the bosom of David that he may get heat and found Abishag and brought her to the king So they sought for a fair damsel throughout all the coasts of Israel, and found Abishag a Shunammite, and brought her to the king. 1Ki 1:3
Abishai nephew, a mighty warrior, he remained faithful to David son of David's sister Zeruiah, brother of Joab and Asahel, all 3 were generals of David. And Abishai, the brother of Joab, the son of Zeruiah, was chief among three (2Sa 23:18). And Abishai the brother of Joab, he was chief of the three: for lifting up his spear against three hundred, he slew them, and had a name among the three (1Ch 11:20). Of the three, he was more honourable than the two; for he was their captain: howbeit he attained not to the first three (1Ch 11:21). Then answered David and said to Ahimelech the Hittite, and to Abishai the son of Zeruiah, brother to Joab, saying, Who will go down with me to Saul to the camp? And Abishai said, I will go down with thee. 1Sa 26:6
Abishalom (3/6) a fuller form of the name Absalom (3/6), third son, born in Hebron (3/6) father of Maachah, the wife of King Rehoboam, David's grandson, King Abijam's father Now in the eighteenth year of king Jeroboam the son of Nebat reigned Abijam over Judah. Three years reigned he in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Maachah, the daughter of Abishalom.

And Rehoboam loved Maachah the daughter of Absalom above all his wives and his concubines: (for he took eighteen wives, and threescore concubines; and begat twenty and eight sons, and threescore daughters.)
1Ki 15:1-2

and

2Ch 11:21
Abital wife mother of Shephatiah And the fourth, Adonijah the son of Haggith; and the fifth, Shephatiah the son of Abital; 2Sa 3:4
Abner the son of Ner the captain of the host of king Saul. Abner is one of the main military figures in the history of David. Abner was murdered by Joab. And when Saul saw David go forth against the Philistine, he said unto Abner, the captain of the host, Abner, whose son is this youth? And Abner said, As thy soul liveth, O king, I cannot tell. 1Sa 17:55
Abraham the father of many nations and also of the nation of Israel. See Genealogical table of Abraham and his family. Abraham was the father of Isaac and the grandfather of Isaac's son Jacob, called Israel, the first Jew. David, a Jew, makes reference to Abraham and God's covenant with him. Even of the covenant which he made with Abraham, and of his oath unto Isaac; 1Ch 16:16
Absalom (3/6) a shorter form of the name Abishalom (3/6), third son, born in Hebron (3/6). Daughter Maachah was Rehoboam's favoured wife; Rehoboam was Absalom's nephew; he was king of Judah. Absalom and his brother Adonija are two typical cases of men of the church who want to become leaders without being anointed by God. Absalom is the son of Maacah the daughter of Talmai king of Geshur. Absalom (3/6) was slain by Joab after he had plotted against David. Absalom's sister was Tamar, David's daughter. Absalom also had a daughter with the name of Tamar. And his second, Chileab, of Abigail the wife of Nabal the Carmelite; and the third, Absalom the son of Maacah the daughter of Talmai king of Geshur; 2Sa 3:3
Achish Philistine king of Gath Twice David sought refuge with this Philistine And David arose, and fled that day for fear of Saul, and went to Achish the king of Gath. 1Sa 21:10
Adino the Eznite, the Tachmonite, chief among the captains he lift up his spear against eight hundred, whom he slew at one time. These be the names of the mighty men whom David had: The Tachmonite that sat in the seat, chief among the captains; the same was Adino the Eznite: he lift up his spear against eight hundred, whom he slew at one time. 2Sa 23:8
Adonijah (4/6) fourth son, born in Hebron (4/6). Adonija and his brother Absalom are two typical cases of men of the church who want to become leaders without being anointed by God. son of Haggith. Adonijah (4/6) made a futile attempt at gaining the crown while his father David was alive; this caused David to make Solomon king. Adonijah was supported by Joab and Abiathar the priest. Adonijah's request for Abishag caused Solomon to sentence Adonijah to death. And the fourth, Adonijah the son of Haggith; and the fifth, Shephatiah the son of Abital; 2Sa 3:4
Adoram he was over the tribute And Adoram was over the tribute: and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder: 2Sa 20:24
Adriel the Meholathite. The daughter of King Saul, Merab, was given to Adriel as wife, not to David Saul wanted to give Merab to David as wife it came to pass at the time when Merab Saul's daughter should have been given to David, that she was given unto Adriel the Meholathite to wife. 1Sa 18:19
Adullam cave. David escaped to this cave. Adullam is a town S. W. of Jerusalem about midway to Lachish and 9 miles N. E. of Beit Jibrin David therefore departed thence, and escaped to the cave Adullam: and when his brethren and all his father's house heard it, they went down thither to him. 1Sa 22:1
Agee the father of Shammah when the people fled from the Philistines, Shammah stood in the midst of the ground full of lentiles, and defended it, and slew the Philistines: and the LORD wrought a great victory. And after him was Shammah the son of Agee the Hararite. And the Philistines were gathered together into a troop, where was a piece of ground full of lentiles: and the people fled from the Philistines. 2Sa 23:11
Ahijah the Shilonite, prophet Ahija foretold the death of Jeroboam's son Abijah and this Abijah then died as a child (1Ki 14:1-18). So Abijah was a popular name at that time and therefore Rehoboam could have given this name to two of his sons, who were from different wives: Abijah (1) from his wife Maachah and Abijah (2) from his wife Michaiah the daughter of Uriel of Gebeah. And it came to pass at that time when Jeroboam went out of Jerusalem, that the prophet Ahijah the Shilonite found him in the way; and he had clad himself with a new garment; and they two were alone in the field: 1Ki 11:29
Ahilud father of Jehoshaphat the recorder under David and Solomon Ahilud was also father of Baana, one of Solomon's purveyors. And Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the host; and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder; 2Sa 8:16
Ahimaaz father of Ahinoam, the wife of King Saul King Saul's father-in-law. And the name of Saul's wife was Ahinoam, the daughter of Ahimaaz: and the name of the captain of his host was Abner, the son of Ner, Saul's uncle. 1Sa 14:50
Ahimaaz son of Zadok the priest Famed for his swift running. With Jonathan, Abiathar's son, he acted as messenger from David's secret allies in Jerusalem during Absalom's rebellion, and escaped capture in Bahurim only by hiding in a well. He was one of the two messengers who brought news of Absalom's defeat. The king said also unto Zadok the priest, Art not thou a seer? return into the city in peace, and your two sons with you, Ahimaaz thy son, and Jonathan the son of Abiathar. 2Sa 15:27
Ahimelech priest killed by Saul 85 people were killed by Saul, including Ahimelech the priest. Saul, the man of Orthodoxy, a killer. The fight against God is always the business of the false priests, the clerics. See Is Suffering Necessary? Then came David to Nob to Ahimelech the priest: and Ahimelech was afraid at the meeting of David, and said unto him, Why art thou alone, and no man with thee? 1Sa 21:1
Ahimelech the Hittite, one of David's warriors David invited him to accompany him at night into the camp of Saul in the wilderness of Ziph Then answered David and said to Ahimelech the Hittite, and to Abishai the son of Zeruiah, brother to Joab, saying, Who will go down with me to Saul to the camp? And Abishai said, I will go down with thee. 1Sa 26:6
Ahinoam the Jesreelitess, one of David's wives, mother of David's firstborn son Amnon Amnon was born in Hebron of David's wife Ahinoam And Abigail hasted, and arose, and rode upon an ass, with five damsels of hers that went after her; and she went after the messengers of David, and became his wife. David also took Ahinoam of Jezreel; and they were also both of them his wives. 1Sa 25:42-43
Ahinoam the daughter of Ahimaaz and wife of King Saul daughter of Ahimaaz And the name of Saul's wife was Ahinoam, the daughter of Ahimaaz: and the name of the captain of his host was Abner, the son of Ner, Saul's uncle. 1Sa 14:50
Ahio one of the sons of Abinadab, in whose house the ark was deposited Ahio, with his brother Uzzah, accompanied the ark when David sought to remove it to Jerusalem. Ahio went before the ark. When the procession had reached the threshing floor of Nachon the oxen drawing the cart upon which the ark was placed stumbled. Uzzah, who was walking beside it, put out his hand to prevent its falling. He died immediately, being smitten by God on account of his offence. The event produced a profound sensation, and David, fearing to carry the ark any farther, had it placed in the house of Obed-edom. And they set the ark of God upon a new cart, and brought it out of the house of Abinadab that was in Gibeah: and Uzzah and Ahio, the sons of Abinadab, drave the new cart. 2Sa 6:3
Ahithophel the Gilonite, David's counsellor, the grandfather of Bathshua, David's wife. Eliam was the son of Ahithophel the Gilonite, 2Sa 23:34. Ahithophel, his name means 'brother of foolish talk,' is a native of Giloh and David's respected counsellor. When he conspired with Absalom, David prayed that his advice might be rendered useless, perhaps playing on the name, 'brother of folly.' Ahithophel suggested that Absalom should assert his authority by taking possession of his father's harem. His plan for attacking David before he could muster his forces was thwarted by the king's friend Hushai. Ahithophel, perceiving that Absalom had taken a disastrous course, went home and hanged himself lest he fall into the hands of his former lord. Jehoiada and Abiathar took his place as David's counsellors. Ahithophel's son, Eliam evidently remained faithful to David, as he was one of the thirty heroes. Eliam was the father of Bathshua, David's wife.
Ahithophel's counsel was as if a man had enquired at the oracle of God.
And Absalom sent for Ahithophel the Gilonite, David's counsellor, from his city, even from Giloh, while he offered sacrifices. And the conspiracy was strong; for the people increased continually with Absalom. 2Sa 15:12
Ahitub father of priest Ahimelech Ahitub was the son of Phinehas and the grandson of Eli Then answered Doeg the Edomite, which was set over the servants of Saul, and said, I saw the son of Jesse coming to Nob, to Ahimelech the son of Ahitub. 1Sa 22:9
Ahitub father of the priest Zadok he was a descendant of Eleazar, third son of Aaron, and tenth in descendant from Aaron. And Zadok the son of Ahitub, and Ahimelech the son of Abiathar, were the priests; and Seraiah was the scribe; 2Sa 8:17
Ahohite Dodo was the Ahohite, the father of Eleazar Eleazar was one of the three mighty men with David And after him was Eleazar the son of Dodo the Ahohite, one of the three mighty men with David, when they defied the Philistines that were there gathered together to battle, and the men of Israel were gone away: 2Sa 23:9
Aiah father of Rizpah Rizpah was the concubine of Saul And Saul had a concubine, whose name was Rizpah, the daughter of Aiah: and Ishbosheth said to Abner, Wherefore hast thou gone in unto my father's concubine? 2Sa 3:7
Amalek Amalek was the son of Eliphaz and the grandson of Esau the brother of Jacob. But Amalek was a very ancient race, whose history is thus summed up by Balaam: Amalek was the first of the nations. At Abraham's time the Amalekites were S. W. of the Dead Sea. Which also king David did dedicate unto the LORD, with the silver and gold that he had dedicated of all nations which he subdued; Of Syria, and of Moab, and of the children of Ammon, and of the Philistines, and of Amalek, and of the spoil of Hadadezer, son of Rehob, king of Zobah. 2Sa 8:11-12
Amalekite young man the Amalekite who came to David and told him that he slew Saul And he said unto me, Who art thou? And I answered him, I am an Amalekite. 2Sa 1:8
Amalekites tribe attacked, plundered, and exterminated by David during his stay in the land of the Philistines. And David and his men went up, and invaded the Geshurites, and the Gezrites, and the Amalekites: for those nations were of old the inhabitants of the land, as thou goest to Shur, even unto the land of Egypt. 1Sa 27:8
Amasa David's nephew, son of David's sister Abigail, son of Ithra. Amasa commanded Absalom's rebel army, was defeated by Joab, pardoned by David, and replaced Joab as commander of the army. He was slain by Joab. And Absalom made Amasa captain of the host instead of Joab: which Amasa was a man's son, whose name was Ithra an Israelite, that went in to Abigail the daughter of Nahash, sister to Zeruiah Joab's mother. 2Sa 17:25
Ammah hill hill that lieth before Giah by the way of the wilderness of Gibeon. The place reached by Joab and Abishai in their pursuit of Abner, at sundown. Joab also and Abishai pursued after Abner: and the sun went down when they were come to the hill of Ammah, that lieth before Giah by the way of the wilderness of Gibeon. 2Sa 2:24
Ammiel father of Machir, Ziba told David that Mephibosheth, the son of Jonathan, was in the house of Machir when David enquired about the house of Saul. Later Machir was one of those who brought provisions to David. And the king said unto him, Where is he? And Ziba said unto the king, Behold, he is in the house of Machir, the son of Ammiel, in Lodebar. 2Sa 9:4
Ammiel or Eliam father of Bathsheba or Bathshua Bathshua is the wife of David, mother of Solomon. Eliam was the son of Ahithophel the Gilonite, 2Sa 23:34, David's counsellor. Eliam was one of the thirty heroes. And these were born unto him in Jerusalem; Shimea, and Shobab, and Nathan, and Solomon, four, of Bathshua the daughter of Ammiel: 1Ch 3:5
Ammihud king of Geshur Ammihud was the father of Talmai, king of Geshur. It was Geshur to which Absalom fled after the murder of his brother Amnon. Talmai was Absalom's grandfather. Absalom's mother was Maachah the daughter of Talmai king of Geshur. But Absalom fled, and went to Talmai, the son of Ammihud, king of Geshur. And David mourned for his son every day. 2Sa 13:37
Ammon Ammon is another form of Benammi, the son of Lot, Abraham's nephew. Benammi's mother was Lot's younger daughter. At an early date the Ammonites occupied the territory of the Zamzummim between the Arnon and Jabbok rivers. Ammon is also the capital of Ammon, today Amman, the capital of Jordan. Which also king David did dedicate unto the LORD, with the silver and gold that he had dedicated of all nations which he subdued; Of Syria, and of Moab, and of the children of Ammon, and of the Philistines, and of Amalek, and of the spoil of Hadadezer, son of Rehob, king of Zobah. 2Sa 8:11-12
Amnon (1/6) firstborn son, born in Hebron (1/6) son of Ahinoam the Jezreelitess. Absalom (3/6) caused Amnon (1/6) to be assassinated because Amnon (1/6) had raped Absalom's (3/6) sister Tamar (2). And unto David were sons born in Hebron: and his firstborn was Amnon, of Ahinoam the Jezreelitess; 2Sa 3:2
Aphek locality locality where the Philistines gathered together all their armies. This was before the last battle against King Saul. Later Antipatris, now Ras el-Ain, Heb. Tel Afeq, at the source of Nahr el-Auga on the trunk road to Egypt. Now the Philistines gathered together all their armies to Aphek: and the Israelites pitched by a fountain which is in Jezreel. 1Sa 29:1
Araunah the Jebusite The angel of the LORD was by the threshingplace of Araunah the Jebusite when the Lord told him to stop destroying the people. Gad the prophet initiated the location of the temple in Jerusalem, by telling David that day to rear an altar in the threshing floor of Araunah the Jebusite (2Sa 24:18). And when the angel stretched out his hand upon Jerusalem to destroy it, the LORD repented him of the evil, and said to the angel that destroyed the people, It is enough: stay now thine hand. And the angel of the LORD was by the threshingplace of Araunah the Jebusite. 2Sa 24:16
Archite the tribe Hushai came from, see Hushai the Archite Archites, tribe from the descendants of Canaan, Archite was a son of Canaan (Ge 10:17), with the city of Archa north of Tripoli in Syria And it came to pass, that when David was come to the top of the mount, where he worshipped God, behold, Hushai the Archite came to meet him with his coat rent, and earth upon his head: 2Sa 15:32
Ark The ark served as a receptacle for the two tablets of the Decalogue, the ten commandments, and also for the pot of manna and Aaron's rod. When we turn to our inside and practise the presence of the Lord, then we turn to the word of God and that is his will, and the manna is the food we will then get, spiritual food, but also physical food; and the rod is the miracle power that will then be the result in our life. The ark served as the meeting-place in the inner sanctuary where the Lord revealed his will to his servants. The ark served as the symbol of the divine presence guiding God's people. The ark was made at Sinai and accompanied the Israelites, and when they crossed the Jordan it came to Gilgal. From Gilgal the ark was moved to Bethel, but was moved to Shiloh in the time of the Judges, remaining there till captured by the Philistines on the battlefield at Ebenezer. Now the Philistines put the ark into their temple and were mightily blessed and their god Dagon fell over and broke his neck, but instead of throwing the broken thing into the dustbin they re-erected it and therefore rejected the real God and got into much trouble. Because the ark's presence now caused 7 months of plagues, the Philistines put the ark on a cart and the two cows took it to Bethshemesh in Israel. And then it was fetched to Kiriath-jearim, where it remained for 20 years. The spiritual decline of the Israelites at the time of the end of the time of the judges and their wish to be rather governed by a king than by God caused this absence of the ark from Israel and even after it was supernaturally returned to them they did not appreciate it. They had lost contact with God and as a result they lost the ark. David said in 1Ch 13:3, And let us bring again the ark of our God to us: for we enquired not at it in the days of Saul. True contact with God is praying in the spirit and that is not praying with words but with thoughts. It is our thinking that has to again and again turn to God. Now the spiritual significance of the reign of David was this returning to the practice of the presence of God. For twenty years the ark remained in Kirjathjearim and then David fetched the ark from Kiriath-jearim. It was the turning point of Israel. There was then a stop-over for three months in the house of Obededom, which caused his house to be blessed. David then installed the ark in a tent in Jerusalem. It was placed in the temple in the reign of Solomon. This turning to the inside is the only way to live; without it the entire purpose of life has been missed and life has been lived in vain and the liberation from the world, from the world of matter, from the absence from God, could not take place.
The Psalms of David give us an idea how David practised the presence of God. It was the main feature in his life. The Lord was his shepherd. And because the Lord was David's shepherd, he had no needs. He wanted nothing. It restored his soul. Though David might often have walked through the valley of the shadow of death, he had to fear no evil, for God was with him. In the most critical situations he confessed: The Lord saves me from all trouble. Surely goodness and mercy shall follow me all the days of my life: and I will dwell in the house of the LORD for ever.
So David would not remove the ark of the LORD unto him into the city of David: but David carried it aside into the house of Obededom the Gittite. And the ark of the LORD continued in the house of Obededom the Gittite three months: and the LORD blessed Obededom, and all his household. 2Sa 6:10-11
Armoni son of Rizpah, King Saul's concubine Armoni and his brother Mephibosheth were among the seven victims who were surrendered by David to the Gibeonites, and by them hanged in sacrifice to Jehovah, to avert a famine from which the country was suffering. But the king took the two sons of Rizpah the daughter of Aiah, whom she bare unto Saul, Armoni and Mephibosheth; and the five sons of Michal the daughter of Saul, whom she brought up for Adriel the son of Barzillai the Meholathite: 2Sa 21:8
Aroer city over Jordan And they passed over Jordan, and pitched in Aroer, on the right side of the city that lieth in the midst of the river of Gad, and toward Jazer: 2Sa 24:5
Asahel nephew son of David's sister Zeruiah, brother of Abishai and Joab, all 3 were generals of David. He was an early adherent of David, being one of the famous thirty, and with his son Zebadiah, was commander of the fourth division of the royal army. He was renowned for his swiftness of foot, and after the battle of Gibeon he pursued and overtook Abner, who reluctantly, and in order to save his own life, slew Asahel with a back thrust of his spear. Joab, to revenge Asahel's death, slew Abner some years after at Hebron. Zebadiah became his father's successor after his father Asahel was slain by Joab. And there were three sons of Zeruiah there, Joab, and Abishai, and Asahel: and Asahel was as light of foot as a wild roe. 2Sa 2:18
Ashtaroth plural form of god Ashtoreth (Astarte) a mother goddess. Astarte, a Canaanite goddess. The name is cognate with Babylonian Ishtar, the goddess of sensual love, maternity and fertility. And they put his armour in the house of Ashtaroth: and they fastened his body to the wall of Bethshan. 1Sa 31:10
Ashurites tribe of Asher The tribe of Asher, the eighth son of Jacob, and second of the two of Zilpah, Leah's maid And made him king over Gilead, and over the Ashurites, and over Jezreel, and over Ephraim, and over Benjamin, and over all Israel. 2Sa 2:9
Askelon city one of the five principle cities of Philistia, located on the fertile Maritime Plain some dozen miles north of Gaza. Modern Asqalon lies on the S Palestinian coast between Jaffa and Gaza. Tell it not in Gath, publish it not in the streets of Askelon; lest the daughters of the Philistines rejoice, lest the daughters of the uncircumcised triumph. 2Sa 1:20
Attai great-grandson son of King Rehoboam, David's grandson. His mother was Maachah, David's granddaughter, daughter of Absalom. Attai was the second of the four sons on Maachah. And after her he took Maachah the daughter of Absalom; which bare him Abijah, and Attai, and Ziza, and Shelomith. 2Ch 11:20
Azekah locality, town in the plain of Judah. Here Goliath was slain. locality of David's first fight against the Philistines: against Goliath Now the Philistines gathered together their armies to battle, and were gathered together at Shochoh, which belongeth to Judah, and pitched between Shochoh and Azekah, in Ephesdammim. And Saul and the men of Israel were gathered together, and pitched by the valley of Elah, and set the battle in array against the Philistines. 1Sa 17:1-2
David dictionary
NameRelationship to DavidDetailsScripture text Scripture
Contents B       
Baalah that is, Kirjathjearim that is Baalah, city, a Gibeonite town Here the ark was brought from Beth-shemesh and entrusted to the keeping of Eleazar, whence after 20 years David took it to Jerusalem. Once the ark was set in Kirjathjearim it was off the debatable ground of the Shephelah and within Israel's proper territory. Here in the field of the woods it rested till David brought it up to Jerusalem. See Psalm 132. And David went up, and all Israel, to Baalah, that is, to Kirjathjearim, which belonged to Judah, to bring up thence the ark of God the LORD, that dwelleth between the cherubims, whose name is called on it. 1Ch 13:6
Baale locality a city of Judah, from which David brought the arc into Jerusalem And David arose, and went with all the people that were with him from Baale of Judah, to bring up from thence the ark of God, whose name is called by the name of the LORD of hosts that dwelleth between the cherubims. 2Sa 6:2
Baalhazor place, probably the same as Hazor in Ne 11:33, now Tell'Asar. a place near Ephraim where Absalom had a sheep farm, and where he murdered Amnon. And it came to pass after two full years, that Absalom had sheepshearers in Baalhazor, which is beside Ephraim: and Absalom invited all the king's sons. 2Sa 13:23
Baalperazim locality not far from Jerusalem, close to the valley of Rephaim And David came to Baalperazim, and David smote them there, and said, The LORD hath broken forth upon mine enemies before me, as the breach of waters. Therefore he called the name of that place Baalperazim. 2Sa 5:20
Baanah the son of Rimmon a Beerothite. Captain of bands of Ishbosheth, king of Israel Baanah and his brother Rimmon smote Ishbosheth And Saul's son had two men that were captains of bands: the name of the one was Baanah, and the name of the other Rechab, the sons of Rimmon a Beerothite, of the children of Benjamin: (for Beeroth also was reckoned to Benjamin: 2Sa 4:2
Bahurim locality Modern Ras et-Tmim, to the E of Mt Scopus, Jerusalem And her husband went with her along weeping behind her to Bahurim. Then said Abner unto him, Go, return. And he returned. 2Sa 3:16
Barzillai the Gileadite of Rogelim When David was retreating to Mahanaim before Absalom, Barzillai was one of those who provided rest and refreshment for David's company. Barzillai went over Jordan with David, to conduct him over Jordan. He was 80 years old. David charged Solomon to show kindness to the sons of Barzillai. And it came to pass, when David was come to Mahanaim, that Shobi the son of Nahash of Rabbah of the children of Ammon, and Machir the son of Ammiel of Lodebar, and Barzillai the Gileadite of Rogelim, Brought beds, and basons, and earthen vessels, and wheat, and barley, and flour, and parched corn, and beans, and lentiles, and parched pulse, 2Sa 17:27-28
Barzillai the Meholathite was the father of Adriel. The daughter of King Saul, Merab, was given to Adriel as wife, not to David Saul wanted to give Merab to David as wife But the king took the two sons of Rizpah the daughter of Aiah, whom she bare unto Saul, Armoni and Mephibosheth; and the five sons of Michal the daughter of Saul, whom she brought up for Adriel the son of Barzillai the Meholathite: 2Sa 21:8
Bathsheba or Bathshua wife, mother of Solomon. Bathsheba was a woman who listened to a prophet (1Ki 1:11) and she not just listened, she also did what the prophet told her. Bathsheba, the wife of Uriah the Hittite and afterwards of David. She was a female ancestor of Jesus Christ, like Tamar the daughter-in-law of Judah, and Rahab the harlot from Jericho, and Ruth the Moabites.
Bathsheba was influential in establishing her son Solomon as successor of David as king of Israel and then in consolidating King Solomon's power by, indirectly, causing Solomon to eliminate his brother Adonija as a potential threat to the throne.
Bathsheba was the wife of King David, probably the favoured one, and she formally approached him with a request, something which was unusual for a woman, even if she was the king's wife. And she did the same to David's successor as king, to King Salomon, her son. She also approached him with a formal request, also this was uncommon, despite her being the mother.
And David sent and enquired after the woman. And one said, Is not this Bathsheba, the daughter of Eliam, the wife of Uriah the Hittite? 2Sa 11:3
Bathshua or Bathsheba wife, mother of Solomon Bathshua the daughter of Ammiel, mother of King Solomon And these were born unto him in Jerusalem; Shimea, and Shobab, and Nathan, and Solomon, four, of Bathshua the daughter of Ammiel: 1Ch 3:5
Beeliada or Eliada son, born in Jerusalem See Note No. 03. Now these are the names of his children which he had in Jerusalem; Shammua, and Shobab, Nathan, and Solomon, And Ibhar, and Elishua, and Elpalet, And Nogah, and Nepheg, and Japhia, And Elishama, and Beeliada, and Eliphalet. 1Ch 14:4-7
Beeroth city about 14 km north of Jerusalem One of the four cities of the Hivites who made a league with Joshua. Beeroth was allotted to Benjamin. And Saul's son had two men that were captains of bands: the name of the one was Baanah, and the name of the other Rechab, the sons of Rimmon a Beerothite, of the children of Benjamin: (for Beeroth also was reckoned to Benjamin: And the Beerothites fled to Gittaim, and were sojourners there until this day.) 2Sa 4:2-3
Beersheba city. Beersheba has many patriarchal associations. Abraham spent much time there. In the familiar phrase 'from Dan to Beersheba' it denoted the southernmost place of the land. The name is given to an important well, and also to the local town and district. The town lies 77 km SW of Jerusalem. and approximately midway between the Mediterranean and the S part of the Dead Sea. To translate the kingdom from the house of Saul, and to set up the throne of David over Israel and over Judah, from Dan even to Beersheba. 2Sa 3:10
Belial Satan, the personification of all that is bad 'son of' or 'man of' Belial means a very wicked person, a worthless, lawless fellow. And what concord hath Christ with Belial? (2Co 6:16). The term Belial is generally understood as applied to Satan, as the personification of all that is bad. Now therefore know and consider what thou wilt do; for evil is determined against our master, and against all his household: for he is such a son of Belial, that a man cannot speak to him. 1Sa 25:17
Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over both the Cherethites and the Pelethites, he had a name among three mighty men Captain of David's foreign bodyguard, he commanded the host for the third month. He executed Adonijah, Joab and Shimei, replacing Joab as commander-in-chief. And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over both the Cherethites and the Pelethites; and David's sons were chief rulers. 2Sa 8:18
Benjamin The youngest and twelfth son of Jacob. His mother was Rachel, dying in child-birth. Benjamin was Rachel's second son. He was not born in Haran as his elder 11 brothers but near Bethlehem, where still today a memorial building commemorating this event can be seen. After Joseph's disappearance, he took first place in his father's affections as the surviving son of Rachel. The territory of Benjamin lay immediately to the S. of Ephraim, and between him and Judah. The tribe of Benjamin occupied a strip of land in the passes between Mt Ephraim and the hills of Judah. The boundary with Judah is clearly defined and passes S of Jerusalem, which however became a Jebusite town until David captured it. With the capital established at Jerusalem, Benjamin was drawn closer to Judah, and after the division Rehoboam retained its allegiance. There were two 'Benjamin' gates in the city of Jerusalem, one in the Temple, the other perhaps the same as the 'sheep gate' in the N city wall. Saul, the first king, was a Benjamite. He was born in Gibeah and ruled from there. Gibea is about 5 km N of Jerusalem. And made him king over Gilead, and over the Ashurites, and over Jezreel, and over Ephraim, and over Benjamin, and over all Israel. 2Sa 2:9
Berites a people only mentioned in 2Sa 20:14 in Joab's pursuit of Sheba son of Birchi And he went through all the tribes of Israel unto Abel, and to Bethmaachah, and all the Berites: and they were gathered together, and went also after him. 2Sa 20:14
Berothai city of Hadadezer Now identified with Bereitan in the Beqa about 35 miles N. of Damascus. And from Betah, and from Berothai, cities of Hadadezer, king David took exceeding much brass. 2Sa 8:8
Besor brook where those that were left behind stayed when David pursued the Amalekites. So David went, he and the six hundred men that were with him, and came to the brook Besor, where those that were left behind stayed. 1Sa 30:9
Betah city of Hadadezer Probably a city on the eastern slope of Anti-Libanus, mountain range E of Lebanon. And from Betah, and from Berothai, cities of Hadadezer, king David took exceeding much brass. 2Sa 8:8
Bethlehem David's hometown, the birthplace of Jesus Bethlehem is about 5 miles S. of Jerusalem, and elevated 2550 feet above the sea level, or 100 feet higher than Jerusalem itself. So they two went until they came to Bethlehem. And it came to pass, when they were come to Bethlehem, that all the city was moved about them, and they said, Is this Naomi? Ru 1:19
Bethlehemite Jaareoregim, father of Elhanan, was a Bethlehemite Elhanan slew the brother of Goliath the Gittite at a battle in Gob with the Philistines And there was again a battle in Gob with the Philistines, where Elhanan the son of Jaareoregim, a Bethlehemite, slew the brother of Goliath the Gittite, the staff of whose spear was like a weaver's beam. 2Sa 21:19
Bethlehemjudah place Naomi's hometown, Bethlehem, David's hometown Now it came to pass in the days when the judges ruled, that there was a famine in the land. And a certain man of Bethlehemjudah went to sojourn in the country of Moab, he, and his wife, and his two sons. Ru 1:1
Bethmaachah a place to which Joab went in pursuit of Sheba the son of Bichri It was quite close to Abel, so that the names of the places are connected in 2Sa 20:15, and afterwards as Abel-beth-maachah in 1Ki 15:20 and 2Ki 15:29, also called Abel-amin in 2Ch 16:4. The modern site is Tell Abil, about 2.5 miles W. N. W. of Laich (Dan) and 6 miles W. N. W. of Caesarea Philippi (Paneas) near the sources of the Jordan River. And he went through all the tribes of Israel unto Abel, and to Bethmaachah, and all the Berites: and they were gathered together, and went also after him. 2Sa 20:14
Bethrehob place near the valley which is the upper part of the lowland through which the central source of the Jordan flows. The Ammonites secured mercenary soldiers from Bethrehob to fight against David. And when the children of Ammon saw that they stank before David, the children of Ammon sent and hired the Syrians of Bethrehob, and the Syrians of Zoba, twenty thousand footmen, and of king Maacah a thousand men, and of Ishtob twelve thousand men. 2Sa 10:6
Bethshan a city situated at the important junction of the Valley of Jezreel with the Jordan valley. Saul's body was fastened to the wall of Bethshan And they put his armour in the house of Ashtaroth: and they fastened his body to the wall of Bethshan. 1Sa 31:10
Bethshemesh Important city of Judah, on its N border with Dan, toward Philistia, on the way from Ekron to Kirjathjearim, situated in a W-facing valley of the hill-country some 24 km W of Jerusalem and consequently commanding a route from the uplands to the coast plain. To this city the captured ark came when the Philistines released it. The expression "come down" from Kirjathjearim (1Sa 6:21) indicates that the city was lower than Kirjathjearim.
The ark was 7 months in Philistia (1Sa 6:1) and in Kirjathjearim it was 20 years (1Sa 7:2). The ark came to Philistia after the battle of Ebenezar, 1047 before Christ, and was fetched from Kirjathjearim by David to Jerusalem after he became king there, after 1004 before Christ. In these 43 years it was 20 years in Krijathjearim, and therefore 22 years in Beth-shemesh.
It was a miracle how the ark came to Bethshemesh. The Philistines experienced the miracle power of God by having the ark of God with them and they recognized this, the presence of God in their midst, they actually acknowledged and practised the presence of God because they put the ark into their temple. But instead of turning to this almighty God who caused their god Dagon to fall down before him and break his neck, they re-erected Dagon and therefore rejected the real God. They were just blind religious freaks, the same as our blind religious freaks today, our scientists, and particularly our physicians, who worship things they made by their own hands instead of real spiritual things like the creator of the universe. Our physicians today also experience great evil, cancer, the same thing the Philistines experienced, but they do not want to rid themselves of this plague, they want to keep it. It is more important to them than to acknowledge God and God's cure for cancer, Deuteronomy 28. Our doctors are the same as the Philistines were then, they believe in chance. They experienced that God is on his throne, and not chance, and that the two cows went straight to Beth-shemesh and therefore knew that it was God who caused their cancer, and not chance, but they wanted to keep their cancer because their war against God was more important for them. And see, if it goeth up by the way of his own coast to Bethshemesh, then he hath done us this great evil: but if not, then we shall know that it is not his hand that smote us: it was a chance that happened to us. 1Sa 6:9
Bichri the father of Sheba, a Benjamite Sheba was a man of Belial, the last chief of the Absalom insurrection. Sheba revolted unsuccessfully against David after Absalom's death. And there happened to be there a man of Belial, whose name was Sheba, the son of Bichri, a Benjamite: and he blew a trumpet, and said, We have no part in David, neither have we inheritance in the son of Jesse: every man to his tents, O Israel. 2Sa 20:1
Bithron locality a defile in the Araba or Jordan valley And Abner and his men walked all that night through the plain, and passed over Jordan, and went through all Bithron, and they came to Mahanaim. 2Sa 2:29
Boaz great-grandfather, from Bethlehem, husband of Ruth. A man of an admirable personality. In Ru 4:2 we read something about the leadership of the real church: And he (Boaz) took ten men of the elders of the city. The city of Bethlehem had elders as leaders. And there were many elders, not just one, like a pastor. There were more than 10 elders in Bethlehem. And there is no mentioning of priests. A multiplicity of elders was there, no clergyman. This information about leadership on local level, Bethlehem, gives insight of church leadership at the time of the judges. A time in the history of the church, several centuries, where relative peaceful times prevailed and conditions only deteriorated when priests like the sons of Eli exhibited scandalous conduct. And Naomi had a kinsman of her husband's, a mighty man of wealth, of the family of Elimelech; and his name was Boaz. Ru 2:1
Brothers see Note No. 02
David dictionary
NameRelationship to DavidDetailsScripture text Scripture
Contents C       
Caleb A leader at the time of Moses and Joshua Caleb was one of the twelve spies sent by Moses to explore Canaan. He gave a positive report and encouragements. And Caleb stilled the people before Moses, and said, Let us go up at once, and possess it; for we are well able to overcome it (Nu 13:30). After Moses and Joshua Caleb was the most prominent leader. As an old man he was still strong for war and was a conqueror. Now the name of the man was Nabal; and the name of his wife Abigail: and she was a woman of good understanding, and of a beautiful countenance: but the man was churlish and evil in his doings; and he was of the house of Caleb. 1Sa 25:3
Canaanites Canaan is the fourth son of Ham; Ham is the second son of Noah. The Canaanites were the inhabitants of Canaan, principally in Phoenicia. to which Joab went to number the people of Israel. And came to the strong hold of Tyre, and to all the cities of the Hivites, and of the Canaanites: and they went out to the south of Judah, even to Beersheba. 2Sa 24:7
Carmel locality. A prominent headland, terminating by an eastern bluff. The city of Haifa is situated on the northern slopes of Mount Carmel. A range of hills, c. 50 km long, extending from NW to SE, from Mediterranean (S shore of Bay of Acre) to the plain of Dothan. Strictly, Mt Carmal is the main ridge (maximum height c. 530 m) at the NW end, running c. 19 km inland from the sea, forming a border of Asher. And there was a man in Maon, whose possessions were in Carmel; and the man was very great, and he had three thousand sheep, and a thousand goats: and he was shearing his sheep in Carmel. 1Sa 25:2
Carmel locality A town in Judah, some 12 km SSE of Hebron. This Carmel is quite close to Maon and therefore better suited for 1Sa 25:2. And there was a man in Maon, whose possessions were in Carmel; and the man was very great, and he had three thousand sheep, and a thousand goats: and he was shearing his sheep in Carmel. 1Sa 25:2
Carmelite Nabal was a Carmelite, man in Maon husband of Abigail, David's future wife And David's two wives were taken captives, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and Abigail the wife of Nabal the Carmelite. 1Sa 30:5
Cherethites a people who were settled along the Philistines in the southwest of Canaan. "The Cherethites and the Pelethites," a collective term for David's life-guards. In the reign of David the Cherethites and the Pelethites formed his private bodyguard under the command of Benaiah the son of Jehoiada. They remained loyal to him through the rebellions of Absalom and Sheba and were present when Solomon was anointed for kingship. We made an invasion upon the south of the Cherethites, and upon the coast which belongeth to Judah, and upon the south of Caleb; and we burned Ziklag with fire. 1Sa 30:14
Chidon a place or a person the threshingfloor was at Chidon or belonged to a person with that name. There Uzza tried to protect God by putting forth his hand to hold the ark when the oxen stumbled and God smote him. And when they came unto the threshingfloor of Chidon, Uzza put forth his hand to hold the ark; for the oxen stumbled. 1Ch 13:9
Chileab (2/6) or Daniel (2/6) second son, born in Hebron (2/6) son of Abigail the wife of Nabal the Carmelite And his second, Chileab, of Abigail the wife of Nabal the Carmelite; and the third, Absalom the son of Maacah the daughter of Talmai king of Geshur; 2Sa 3:3
Chilion brother-in-law of Ruth Naomi's second son, he was the husband of Orpah, he died, as well as his brother Mahlon (husband of Ruth) and their father Elimelech, in Moab. And the name of the man was Elimelech, and the name of his wife Naomi, and the name of his two sons Mahlon and Chilion, Ephrathites of Bethlehemjudah. And they came into the country of Moab, and continued there. Ru 1:2
Chimham a follower of Barzillai, the Gileadite of Rogelim Chimham might have been a son of Barzillai. Barzillai and Chimham went over Jordan with David, to conduct him over Jordan. David charged Solomon to show kindness to the sons of Barzillai. Let thy servant, I pray thee, turn back again, that I may die in mine own city, and be buried by the grave of my father and of my mother. But behold thy servant Chimham; let him go over with my lord the king; and do to him what shall seem good unto thee. 2Sa 19:37
Cushi the messenger sent by Joab to tell David what he has seen that was the success of the battle against Absalom Then said Joab to Cushi, Go tell the king what thou hast seen. And Cushi bowed himself unto Joab, and ran. 2Sa 18:21
David dictionary
NameRelationship to DavidDetailsScripture text Scripture
Contents D       
Dagon god. Dagon is associated with agriculture. Saul's armour was put in the house of the god of the Philistines and his head was fastened in the temple of Dagon And they put his armour in the house of their gods, and fastened his head in the temple of Dagon. 1Ch 10:10
Damascus city capital of Syria, said to be the oldest city in the East And when the Syrians of Damascus came to succour Hadadezer king of Zobah, David slew of the Syrians two and twenty thousand men. 2Sa 8:5
Dan fifth son of Jacob, and the first of the two of Biljah, Rachel's maid Territory of Dan: near the source of the Jordan. To translate the kingdom from the house of Saul, and to set up the throne of David over Israel and over Judah, from Dan even to Beersheba. 2Sa 3:10
Daniel (2/6) or Chileab (2/6) second son, born in Hebron (2/6) son of Abigail the wife of Nabal the Carmelite Now these were the sons of David, which were born unto him in Hebron; the firstborn Amnon, of Ahinoam the Jezreelitess; the second Daniel, of Abigail the Carmelitess: 1Ch 3:1
Danjaan place to which Joab went to number the people of Israel Then they came to Gilead, and to the land of Tahtimhodshi; and they came to Danjaan, and about to Zidon, 2Sa 24:6
Daughters see Note No. 04 David had daughters. The name of only one daughter of David is given: Tamar (2). And David took him more concubines and wives out of Jerusalem, after he was come from Hebron: and there were yet sons and daughters born to David. 2Sa 5:13
David born in Bethlehem. David is the seventh son of Jesse. David is the ancestor of the Son of David - Jesus Christ. David was the seventh [7/8] of eight brothers. David is the positive example of a leader of the children of God. He lived a godly life. He always returned to God, also when he had erred. He was correctable. He always repented when he was rebuked. He was open to rebuke. And he did not return to the wrong way. He was the exact opposite to the great example of a wrong leader of the children of God, of Saul, a man who killed the prophets. David liked to confess The Lord saves me from all trouble. In Scripture the name is his alone, typifying the unique place he has as ancestor, forerunner and foreshadower of the Lord Jesus Christ - 'great David's greater son'. There are 58 New Testament references to David, including the oft-repeated title given to Jesus - 'Son of David'. Paul states that Jesus is 'descended from David according to the flesh' (Ro 1:3), while Jesus himself is recorded by John as saying 'I am the root and the offspring of David'(Re 22:16). When we return to the Old Testament to find who this is who occupies a position of such prominence in the lineage of our Lord and the purpose of God, the material is abundant and rich. The story of David is found between 1Sa 16 and 1Ki 2, with much of the material paralleled in 1Ch 2-29. And the women her neighbours gave it a name, saying, There is a son born to Naomi; and they called his name Obed: he is the father of Jesse, the father of David. Ru 4:17
Dodo the Ahohite, the father of Eleazar Eleazar was one of the three mighty men with David And after him was Eleazar the son of Dodo the Ahohite, one of the three mighty men with David, when they defied the Philistines that were there gathered together to battle, and the men of Israel were gone away: 2Sa 23:9
Doeg the killer who killed for Saul 85 people were killed by Saul, including Ahimelech the priest. Now a certain man of the servants of Saul was there that day, detained before the LORD; and his name was Doeg, an Edomite, the chiefest of the herdmen that belonged to Saul. 1Sa 21:7
David dictionary
NameRelationship to DavidDetailsScripture text Scripture
Contents E       
Edom The name given to Esau after he bartered his birthright for a mess of red pottage. The term Edom denotes either the name of Esau, given in memory of the red pottage for which he exchanged his birthright, or the land occupied by Esau's descendants, formerly the land of Seir that stretched from the Wadi Zered to the Gulf of Aquaba for c. 160 km, and extended to both sides of the Arabah or wilderness of Edom, the great depression connecting the Dead Sea to the Red Sea. And he put garrisons in Edom; throughout all Edom put he garrisons, and all they of Edom became David's servants. And the LORD preserved David whithersoever he went. 2Sa 8:14
Edomite a descendant of Esau Esau was a son of Isaac, the twin-brother of Jacob, called Israel Now a certain man of the servants of Saul was there that day, detained before the LORD; and his name was Doeg, an Edomite, the chiefest of the herdmen that belonged to Saul. 1Sa 21:7
Eglah wife mother of his sixth son Ithream And the sixth, Ithream, by Eglah David's wife. These were born to David in Hebron. 2Sa 3:5
Egyptian a young man of Egypt, servant to an Amalekite his master left him, because three days agone he fell sick. He brought David down to the Amalekites, which David pursued. they found an Egyptian in the field, and brought him to David, and gave him bread, and he did eat; and they made him drink water; 1Sa 30:11
Ekron locality a city of the Philistines, about 11 miles from Gath. One of the five principal Philistine cities. The men of Israel pursued the Philistines to the gates of Ekron. And the men of Israel and of Judah arose, and shouted, and pursued the Philistines, until thou come to the valley, and to the gates of Ekron. And the wounded of the Philistines fell down by the way to Shaaraim, even unto Gath, and unto Ekron. 1Sa 17:52
Elah locality, located 11 miles S. W. from Jerusalem locality of David's first fight against the Philistines: against Goliath. In 1Sa 21:9 Elah is called a valley. Here Goliath was slain. Now the Philistines gathered together their armies to battle, and were gathered together at Shochoh, which belongeth to Judah, and pitched between Shochoh and Azekah, in Ephesdammim. And Saul and the men of Israel were gathered together, and pitched by the valley of Elah, and set the battle in array against the Philistines. 1Sa 17:1-2
Elders there is always a multiplicity of elders in the church. One aspect of the multiplicity of eldership in the real church is that David had two priest appointed, Abiathar and Zadok. The main purpose of elders in the church is to keep the church free of wrong elders, like John writing against the wrong elder Diotrephes who wanted to be first. And he took ten men of the elders of the city, and said, Sit ye down here. And they sat down. Ru 4:2
Eleazar the son of Dodo the Ahohite one of the three mighty men with David And after him was Eleazar the son of Dodo the Ahohite, one of the three mighty men with David, when they defied the Philistines that were there gathered together to battle, and the men of Israel were gone away: 2Sa 23:9
Elhanan the son of Jaareoregim, a Bethlehemite at a battle in Gob with the Philistines the brother of Goliath the Gittite was slain by Elhanan And there was again a battle in Gob with the Philistines, where Elhanan the son of Jaareoregim, a Bethlehemite, slew the brother of Goliath the Gittite, the staff of whose spear was like a weaver's beam. 2Sa 21:19
Eliab eldest brother [1/8] Bethlehem. Eliab is the father of Abihal. Abihal was married to Jerimoth, son of David. Their daughter was Mahalath, wife of Reoboam, king of Juda. And it came to pass, when they were come, that he looked on Eliab, and said, Surely the LORD'S anointed is before him. 1Sa 16:6
Eliada or Beeliada son born in Jerusalem. The different spellings of the name are discussed in Note No. 03. And these be the names of those that were born unto him in Jerusalem; Shammua, and Shobab, and Nathan, and Solomon, Ibhar also, and Elishua, and Nepheg, and Japhia, And Elishama, and Eliada, and Eliphalet. 2Sa 5:14-16
Eliam or Ammiel father of Bathsheba or Bathshua Bathsheba is the wife of David, mother of Solomon. Eliam was the son of Ahithophel the Gilonite, 2Sa 23:34, David's counsellor. Eliam was one of the thirty heroes. And David sent and enquired after the woman. And one said, Is not this Bathsheba, the daughter of Eliam, the wife of Uriah the Hittite? 2Sa 11:3
Elihu younger brother of David [8/8], ruler of Judah the eighth son of David's father Jesse. David was the seventh. In 1Ch 2:15 we read: Ozem the sixth, David the seventh. In 1Sa 17:12 it is said: Now David was the son of that Ephrathite of Bethlehemjudah, whose name was Jesse; and he had eight sons. Elihu was probably much younger than David, because when Samuel anointed David, David was the youngest son of Jesse: 1Sa 16:11: Samuel said unto Jesse, Are here all thy children? And he said, There remaineth yet the youngest, and, behold, he keepeth the sheep. And Samuel said unto Jesse, Send and fetch him: for we will not sit down till he come hither. Furthermore over the tribes of Israel: the ruler of the Reubenites was Eliezer the son of Zichri: of the Simeonites, Shephatiah the son of Maachah: Of the Levites, Hashabiah the son of Kemuel: of the Aaronites, Zadok: Of Judah, Elihu, one of the brethren of David: of Issachar, Omri the son of Michael: 1Ch 27:16-18
Elimelech Naomi's husband, from David's hometown Elimelech died in Moab And the name of the man was Elimelech, and the name of his wife Naomi, and the name of his two sons Mahlon and Chilion, Ephrathites of Bethlehemjudah. And they came into the country of Moab, and continued there. Ru 1:2
Eliphalet or Eliphelet son.
The different spellings of the name are discussed in Note No. 03.
born in Jerusalem And these were born unto him in Jerusalem; Shimea, and Shobab, and Nathan, and Solomon, four, of Bathshua the daughter of Ammiel: Ibhar also, and Elishama, and Eliphelet, And Nogah, and Nepheg, and Japhia, And Elishama, and Eliada, and Eliphelet, nine. 1Ch 3:5-8
Eliphelet or Elpalet son.
The different spellings of the name are discussed in Note No. 03.
born in Jerusalem And these were born unto him in Jerusalem; Shimea, and Shobab, and Nathan, and Solomon, four, of Bathshua the daughter of Ammiel: Ibhar also, and Elishama, and Eliphelet, And Nogah, and Nepheg, and Japhia, And Elishama, and Eliada, and Eliphelet, nine. 1Ch 3:5-8
Elishama son.
The different spellings of the name are discussed in Note No. 03.
born in Jerusalem And these be the names of those that were born unto him in Jerusalem; Shammua, and Shobab, and Nathan, and Solomon, Ibhar also, and Elishua, and Nepheg, and Japhia, And Elishama, and Eliada, and Eliphalet. 2Sa 5:14-16
Elishama or Elishua son.
The different spellings of the name are discussed in Note No. 03.
born in Jerusalem And these were born unto him in Jerusalem; Shimea, and Shobab, and Nathan, and Solomon, four, of Bathshua the daughter of Ammiel: Ibhar also, and Elishama, and Eliphelet, And Nogah, and Nepheg, and Japhia, And Elishama, and Eliada, and Eliphelet, nine. 1Ch 3:5-8
Elishua or Elishama son.
The different spellings of the name are discussed in Note No. 03.
born in Jerusalem And these be the names of those that were born unto him in Jerusalem; Shammua, and Shobab, and Nathan, and Solomon, Ibhar also, and Elishua, and Nepheg, and Japhia, And Elishama, and Eliada, and Eliphalet. 2Sa 5:14-16
Elpalet or Eliphelet son.
The different spellings of the name are discussed in Note No. 03.
born in Jerusalem Now these are the names of his children which he had in Jerusalem; Shammua, and Shobab, Nathan, and Solomon, And Ibhar, and Elishua, and Elpalet, And Nogah, and Nepheg, and Japhia, And Elishama, and Beeliada, and Eliphalet. 1Ch 14:4-7
Endor town. 6 km S of Mt Tabor, home of the woman that hath a familiar spirit The Bible tells us not to ask the dead and that means we are not to ask the spiritual dead, not here, therefore the still living spiritual dead, and also not the ones in the hereafter, the "dead." But we ask the spiritual alive, here and also even more so over there, spiritual advanced beings and particularly God.
The events in Endor are discussed in 222.
Then said Saul unto his servants, Seek me a woman that hath a familiar spirit, that I may go to her, and enquire of her. And his servants said to him, Behold, there is a woman that hath a familiar spirit at Endor. 1Sa 28:7
Engedi locality wild region west of the Dead Sea And David went up from thence, and dwelt in strong holds at Engedi. 1Sa 23:29
Enrogel well Enrogel means 'well of the fuller', it is a water source just outside Jerusalem, some 200 m S of the confluence of the Valley of Hinnom and the Kidron valley. It is known today as Job's well. The well marked a point on the N boundary of Judah before David captured Jerusalem. Now Jonathan and Ahimaaz stayed by Enrogel; for they might not be seen to come into the city: and a wench went and told them; and they went and told king David. 2Sa 17:17
Ephesdammim locality, it is modern Beit Fased ("house of bleeding"). Here Goliath was slain. locality of David's first fight against the Philistines: against Goliath Now the Philistines gathered together their armies to battle, and were gathered together at Shochoh, which belongeth to Judah, and pitched between Shochoh and Azekah, in Ephesdammim. And Saul and the men of Israel were gathered together, and pitched by the valley of Elah, and set the battle in array against the Philistines. 1Sa 17:1-2
Ephraim The second son of Joseph, born to him by Asenath, the daughter of Potipherah, before the years of famine came. The area of Ephraim extended from the Mediterranean to the Jordan, having on the north the half tribe of Manasseh and on the south Benjamin and Dan, half way between Shechem and Jerusalem. And made him king over Gilead, and over the Ashurites, and over Jezreel, and over Ephraim, and over Benjamin, and over all Israel. 2Sa 2:9
Ephrathites Ephrath is a place, which is Bethlehem, where Naomi's family comes from and also David's In Genesis 35:19 it says: And Rachel died, and was buried in the way to Ephrath, which is Bethlehem. And in 1Sa 17:12 it says: Now David was the son of that Ephrathite of Bethlehemjudah, whose name was Jesse; and he had eight sons: and the man went among men for an old man in the days of Saul. And the name of the man was Elimelech, and the name of his wife Naomi, and the name of his two sons Mahlon and Chilion, Ephrathites of Bethlehemjudah. And they came into the country of Moab, and continued there. Ru 1:2
Euphrates river the two rivers Euphrates and Tigris are the dominating rivers east of Israel David smote also Hadadezer, the son of Rehob, king of Zobah, as he went to recover his border at the river Euphrates. 2Sa 8:3
Ezel locality The agreed rendezvous of David and Jonathan, the memorial stones, or place of meeting and parting of David and Jonathan. And when thou hast stayed three days, then thou shalt go down quickly, and come to the place where thou didst hide thyself when the business was in hand, and shalt remain by the stone Ezel. 1Sa 20:19
Eznite Adino was the Eznite, the Tachmonite, chief among the captains he lift up his spear against eight hundred, whom he slew at one time. These be the names of the mighty men whom David had: The Tachmonite that sat in the seat, chief among the captains; the same was Adino the Eznite: he lift up his spear against eight hundred, whom he slew at one time. 2Sa 23:8
David dictionary
NameRelationship to DavidDetailsScripture text Scripture
Contents F       
David dictionary
NameRelationship to DavidDetailsScripture text Scripture
Contents G       
Gad prophet Gad was the prophet who initiated the location of the temple in Jerusalem, by telling David to rear an altar in the threshing floor of Araunah the Jebusite (2Sa 24:18). Gad was also the seer who wrote the acts of David the king (1Ch 29:29). And the prophet Gad said unto David, Abide not in the hold; depart, and get thee into the land of Judah. Then David departed, and came into the forest of Hareth. 1Sa 22:5
Gad river over Jordan And they passed over Jordan, and pitched in Aroer, on the right side of the city that lieth in the midst of the river of Gad, and toward Jazer: 2Sa 24:5
Gath locality, one of the cities of the Philistine pentapolis home of David's first opponent, the Philistine giant And there went out a champion out of the camp of the Philistines, named Goliath, of Gath, whose height was six cubits and a span. 1Sa 17:4
Gazer locality a very ancient city on the Shephelah above the Maritime Plane, 18 miles N. W. of Jerusalem and 17 miles S. W. of Jaffa. And David did so, as the LORD had commanded him; and smote the Philistines from Geba until thou come to Gazer. 2Sa 5:25
Geba locality a Levitical city of Benjamin situated north of Jerusalem, 11 km N of Jerusalem and 5 km from Gibeah, from which it is to be distinguished. And David did so, as the LORD had commanded him; and smote the Philistines from Geba until thou come to Gazer. 2Sa 5:25
Gera the father of Shimei Shimei was the man who cursed David And when king David came to Bahurim, behold, thence came out a man of the family of the house of Saul, whose name was Shimei, the son of Gera: he came forth, and cursed still as he came. 2Sa 16:5
Geshur kingdom, a city in Syria Ammihud and Talmai, kings of Geshur. It was Geshur to which Absalom fled after the murder of his brother Amnon. Talmai was Absalom's grandfather. And his second, Chileab, of Abigail the wife of Nabal the Carmelite; and the third, Absalom the son of Maacah the daughter of Talmai king of Geshur; 2Sa 3:3
Geshurites the inhabitants of Geshur bordering on Aram, to the east of Jordan. Absalom's mother Maacah was the daughter of Talmai king of Geshur. And David and his men went up, and invaded the Geshurites, and the Gezrites, and the Amalekites: for those nations were of old the inhabitants of the land, as thou goest to Shur, even unto the land of Egypt. 1Sa 27:8
Gezrites tribe attacked, plundered, and exterminated by David during his stay in the land of the Philistines. And David and his men went up, and invaded the Geshurites, and the Gezrites, and the Amalekites: for those nations were of old the inhabitants of the land, as thou goest to Shur, even unto the land of Egypt. 1Sa 27:8
Giah locality by the way of the wilderness of Gibeon Joab also and Abishai pursued after Abner: and the sun went down when they were come to the hill of Ammah, that lieth before Giah by the way of the wilderness of Gibeon. 2Sa 2:24
Gibeah locality where the ark abode for 20 years According to 1Sa 7:1-2 this place Gibeah is near or in Kirjathjearim. And they set the ark of God upon a new cart, and brought it out of the house of Abinadab that was in Gibeah: and Uzzah and Ahio, the sons of Abinadab, drave the new cart. And they brought it out of the house of Abinadab which was at Gibeah, accompanying the ark of God: and Ahio went before the ark. 2Sa 6:3-4
Gibeah locality about 5 km N of Jerusalem Gibeah was Saul's birthplace, and continued to be his residence after he became king He reigned three years in Jerusalem. His mother's name also was Michaiah the daughter of Uriel of Gibeah. And there was war between Abijah and Jeroboam 2Ch 13:2
Gibeon city Gibeon is located about eight miles N. W. of Jerusalem on the route to Joppa. The citizens of Gibeon made a league with Joshua, thus escaping the fate of Ai and Jericho. Gibeon was afterwards allotted to Benjamin, and made a Levitical town. After the destruction of Nob by Saul the tabernacle was set up there, and remained until the building of the temple. When the Amoritish kings besieged Gibeon, Joshua hastened to its relief and a great battle followed, to the great discomfiture of the Amorites. This was one of most famous battles fought in the Bible: And the sun stood still, and the moon stayed, until the people had avenged themselves upon their enemies. Is not this written in the book of Jasher? So the sun stood still in the midst of heaven, and hasted not to go down about a whole day.
This is an impressive story. When you want to get rid of an enemy, let us assume smoking, and you really mean it, then God will do miracles and stand at your side with this battle with supernatural things, that it is more his battle than yours.
And Abner the son of Ner, and the servants of Ishbosheth the son of Saul, went out from Mahanaim to Gibeon. 2Sa 2:12
Gibeonites citizens of Gibeon. They effected a league with Joshua, thus escaping the fate of Ai and Jericho. Saul slew the Gibeonites and this caused a famine at David's time and David sought to atone for this and seven men of Saul's descendants were hanged and among them were the 5 sons of Michal the daughter of Saul, whom she brought up for Adriel. But these 5 sons were actually the 5 sons of her sister Merab who was married to Adriel. Michal was the first wife of David and had no child unto the day of her death. Then there was a famine in the days of David three years, year after year; and David enquired of the LORD. And the LORD answered, It is for Saul, and for his bloody house, because he slew the Gibeonites. 2Sa 21:1
Gihon the name of a spring to the E of Jerusalem, where Solomon was anointed king. the intermittent spring which constituted Jerusalem's most ancient water supply, situated in the Kidron Valley just below the eastern hill (Ophel). This abundant source of water was entirely covered over and concealed from without the walls, and was conducted by a specially built conduit to a pool within the walls where a besieged citizenry could get all the water it needed. The king also said unto them, Take with you the servants of your lord, and cause Solomon my son to ride upon mine own mule, and bring him down to Gihon: 1Ki 1:33
Gilboa A range of mountains It was the scene of Saul's final clash with the Philistines and of his death. And the Philistines gathered themselves together, and came and pitched in Shunem: and Saul gathered all Israel together, and they pitched in Gilboa. 1Sa 28:4
Gilead The mountain region east of Jordan, called "the mount of Gilead", extending from the sea of Galilee to the upper end of the Dead Sea, about 60 miles long and twenty wide, bounded on the north by Bashan and on the south by Moab and Ammon. The name applied to the whole or part of the Transjordanian lands occupied by the tribes of Reuben, Gad and half-Manasseh. Geographically, Gilead proper was the hilly, wooded country N of a line from Heshbon W to the N end of the Dead Sea, and extending N towards the present-day river and Wadi Yarmuk but flattening out into plains from c. 29 km S of Yarmuk. The N extension of these plains forms the territory of Bashan. And made him king over Gilead, and over the Ashurites, and over Jezreel, and over Ephraim, and over Benjamin, and over all Israel. 2Sa 2:9
Gilgal Gilgal to the E of Jericho, between it and the Jordan. The name Gilgal was used by God through Joashua to serve as a reminder to Israel of their deliverance from Egypt when they were circumcised there: 'This day I have rolled away the reproach of Egypt from you'. At Gilgal the Israelites first encamped after they crossed Jordan, and there were the twelve stones set up as a memorial. After Absalom's abortive revolt, the Judaeans welcomed David back at Gilgal. Jesus visited this place. It was a hill and standing on the stone, Jesus said:

"See! That is the hill Araloth, and the place upon we now stand is called Gilgal and is the same on which Joshua has circumcised the children of Israel for the second time according the command of the Lord!
But the rock upon which I now stand and recall for you the old story again into memory, exists of exactly those twelve stones, which the just also twelve priests brought to this place out of the middle of Jordan at this occasion when the people crossed the Jordan on dry foot, as a sign of the miraculous guidance through the power of God, and therefore put up and assembled together as they are now here still present, through which Joshua symbolically indicated to the people that the twelve tribes of Israel, which have been introduced through the twelve stones, which are here put together and fit together, also form a solid body and as a united and powerful people under the laws, the protection and guidance of God are therefore supposed to stand in opposition as a judgement for all heathens, and also be a hard rock where all those may knock themselves who act against the will of God."
That is jl.ev08.188,11+12.
So the king returned, and came to Jordan. And Judah came to Gilgal, to go to meet the king, to conduct the king over Jordan. 2Sa 19:15
Giloh city a town in the mountains of Judah, the birthplace and the scene of the miserable suicide of the traitor Ahithophel. Probably the present Khirbet Gala, 5 miles N. N. W. of Hebron. And Absalom sent for Ahithophel the Gilonite, David's counsellor, from his city, even from Giloh, while he offered sacrifices. And the conspiracy was strong; for the people increased continually with Absalom. 2Sa 15:12
Gilonite inhabitant of Giloh Ahithophel was a Gilonite And Absalom sent for Ahithophel the Gilonite, David's counsellor, from his city, even from Giloh, while he offered sacrifices. And the conspiracy was strong; for the people increased continually with Absalom. 2Sa 15:12
Gittaim locality the Beerothites fled to Gittaim And Saul's son had two men that were captains of bands: the name of the one was Baanah, and the name of the other Rechab, the sons of Rimmon a Beerothite, of the children of Benjamin: (for Beeroth also was reckoned to Benjamin: And the Beerothites fled to Gittaim, and were sojourners there until this day.) 2Sa 4:2-3
Gittite place of Obededom Obededom is called a Gittite, or Gathite, from his birthplace, the Levitical city of Gath-rimmon, in the tribe of Dan. It was situated near Joppa, in the plain of Philistia. So David would not remove the ark of the LORD unto him into the city of David: but David carried it aside into the house of Obededom the Gittite. And the ark of the LORD continued in the house of Obededom the Gittite three months: and the LORD blessed Obededom, and all his household. 2Sa 6:10-11
Gittites part of David's bodyguard The Gittites are the inhabitants, or properly natives, of the Philistine city Gath. 600 of them attached themselves to David and became part of his bodyguard.
Jesus, see Note No. 15, says: „the twelve tribes of Israel also form a solid body and as a united and powerful people under the laws, the protection and guidance of God are therefore supposed to stand in opposition as a judgement for all heathens, and also be a hard rock where all those may knock themselves who act against the will of God." And the effects of this church of God showed then, and the result was that many turned against Israel, but some, like the body-guards of David, reacted positively and joint the church of God. And so it is still today, Israel, which also today is supposed to still belong to God's church, is fought by many, but some, also from Palestine, today work together with Israel. And to recognize this purpose of God, this purpose God has, will make it easier to understand and to assess the Middle East conflict.
So with the political problems around Israel and its neighbours it is therefore not about creating peace, but circumstances will always occur there, which become a stumbling block to the people there, in Israel itself but particularly also around Israel, at which they are to knock themselves, to awaken and then to decide, either for or against God.
And this is so because peace is only then true peace when it is the peace of God.
And all his servants passed on beside him; and all the Cherethites, and all the Pelethites, and all the Gittites, six hundred men which came after him from Gath, passed on before the king. 2Sa 15:18
Gob place where a battle with the Philistines was and where the brother of Goliath the Gittite was slain by Elhanan the son of Jaareoregim, a Bethlehemite And there was again a battle in Gob with the Philistines, where Elhanan the son of Jaareoregim, a Bethlehemite, slew the brother of Goliath the Gittite, the staff of whose spear was like a weaver's beam. 2Sa 21:19
Goliath enemy name of David's first opponent, the Philistine giant And there went out a champion out of the camp of the Philistines, named Goliath, of Gath, whose height was six cubits and a span. 1Sa 17:4
David dictionary
NameRelationship to DavidDetailsScripture text Scripture
Contents H       
Hachilah locality A hill in the wilderness of Judah where David was hidden when the Ziphites plotted to betray him to Saul. Then came up the Ziphites to Saul to Gibeah, saying, Doth not David hide himself with us in strong holds in the wood, in the hill of Hachilah, which is on the south of Jeshimon? 1Sa 23:19
Hachmonite Jashobeam was an Hachmonite he was chief of the captains, one of the mighty men whom David had And this is the number of the mighty men whom David had; Jashobeam, an Hachmonite, the chief of the captains: he lifted up his spear against three hundred slain by him at one time. 1Ch 11:11
Hadadezer son of Rehob, king of Zobah Zobah was an Aramaen state David smote also Hadadezer, the son of Rehob, king of Zobah, as he went to recover his border at the river Euphrates. 2Sa 8:3
Hadarezer the form of Hadadezer And Hadarezer sent, and brought out the Syrians that were beyond the river: and they came to Helam; and Shobach the captain of the host of Hadarezer went before them. 2Sa 10:16
Haggith wife mother of Adonijah And the fourth, Adonijah the son of Haggith; and the fifth, Shephatiah the son of Abital; 2Sa 3:4
Hamath kingdom city on the E bank of the Orontes. The city was known in Greek and Roman times as Epiphaneia, today it is Hamah. It was located in a fertile and well watered valley at the foot of Lebanon. When Toi king of Hamath heard that David had smitten all the host of Hadadezer, Then Toi sent Joram his son unto king David, to salute him, and to bless him, because he had fought against Hadadezer, and smitten him: for Hadadezer had wars with Toi. And Joram brought with him vessels of silver, and vessels of gold, and vessels of brass: 2Sa 8:9-10
Hanun son of Nahash king of Ammon. Hanun treated David's ambassadors shamefully. And it came to pass after this, that the king of the children of Ammon died, and Hanun his son reigned in his stead. 2Sa 10:1
Hararite Agee was the Hararite, he was the father of Shammah when the people fled from the Philistines, Shammah stood in the midst of the ground full of lentiles, and defended it, and slew the Philistines: and the LORD wrought a great victory. And after him was Shammah the son of Agee the Hararite. And the Philistines were gathered together into a troop, where was a piece of ground full of lentiles: and the people fled from the Philistines. 2Sa 23:11
Hareth forest This is the place in the wooded mountain to which David fled from Saul. And the prophet Gad said unto David, Abide not in the hold; depart, and get thee into the land of Judah. Then David departed, and came into the forest of Hareth. 1Sa 22:5
Hebron David was king in Hebron over the house of Judah for 7 years and 6 months. Hebron is south of Bethlehem, 30 km SSW of Jerusalem, half way between Jerusalem and Beersheba, 927 m above the level of the Mediterranean, highest town in Israel. Abraham, Sarah, Isaac and Rebekah, Jacob and Lea are buried there. 1967 after Christ Hebron was conquered by Israel and the Israeli General Moshe Dayan, who was interested in archaeology and antiquities, got permission from the Muslim priests of the burying place of the patriarchs to get close to the top of the grotto, a hole. A young female relative of his was lowered through the hole and she took pictures of the inside. And to them which were in Hebron, and to all the places where David himself and his men were wont to haunt. 1Sa 30:31
Helam town The town named Alema modern 'Alma in the Hauran is the probable location. And Hadarezer sent, and brought out the Syrians that were beyond the river: and they came to Helam; and Shobach the captain of the host of Hadarezer went before them. 2Sa 10:16
Helkathhazzurim locality plain near the pool of Gibeon And they caught every one his fellow by the head, and thrust his sword in his fellow's side; so they fell down together: wherefore that place was called Helkathhazzurim, which is in Gibeon. 2Sa 2:16
Hemath city a form of Hamath So David gathered all Israel together, from Shihor of Egypt even unto the entering of Hemath, to bring the ark of God from Kirjathjearim. 1Ch 13:5
Hiram king of Tyre. Hiram was ever a lover of David (1Ki 5:1). Hiram king of Tyre sent an embassy to David after the latter had conquered the stronghold of Zion and taken up his residence in Jerusalem. And Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers to David, and cedar trees, and carpenters, and masons: and they built David an house. 2Sa 5:11
Hittite The Hittites are a people mentioned frequently in the Old Testament. The Hittites are the children of Heth. Heth's father was Canaan, and Canaan's father was Ham and Ham was the second son of Noah. Then answered David and said to Ahimelech the Hittite, and to Abishai the son of Zeruiah, brother to Joab, saying, Who will go down with me to Saul to the camp? And Abishai said, I will go down with thee. 1Sa 26:6
Hivites Hivite was one of the sons of Canaan and an early inhabitant of Syria and Palestine to which Joab went to number the people of Israel. And came to the strong hold of Tyre, and to all the cities of the Hivites, and of the Canaanites: and they went out to the south of Judah, even to Beersheba. 2Sa 24:7
Hushai the Archite, David's friend, the king's companion Hushai's arrival at the heights E of Jerusalem where David halted, and his successful mission, defeated the advice of Ahithophel and came as an answer to David's prayer. Hushai's action, advising delay in the pursuit of king David until ampler preparation had been made, resulted in the crushing out of the rebellion of Absalom. Baanah, Hushai's son, appears in the list of Solomon's local officers. And it came to pass, that when David was come to the top of the mount, where he worshipped God, behold, Hushai the Archite came to meet him with his coat rent, and earth upon his head: 2Sa 15:32
David dictionary
NameRelationship to DavidDetailsScripture text Scripture
Contents I       
Ibhar son born in Jerusalem And these be the names of those that were born unto him in Jerusalem; Shammua, and Shobab, and Nathan, and Solomon, Ibhar also, and Elishua, and Nepheg, and Japhia, And Elishama, and Eliada, and Eliphalet. 2Sa 5:14-16
Ira the Jairite was a chief ruler about David And Ira also the Jairite was a chief ruler about David. 2Sa 20:26
Isaac the son of Abraham, the father of many nations. Isaac was the father of Jacob, called Israel, the first Jew. David, a Jew, makes reference to Abraham and Isaac and God's covenant with them. Even of the covenant which he made with Abraham, and of his oath unto Isaac; 1Ch 16:16
Ishbibenob was of the sons of the giant, the giant being Goliath Abishai killed him And Ishbibenob, which was of the sons of the giant, the weight of whose spear weighed three hundred shekels of brass in weight, he being girded with a new sword, thought to have slain David. 2Sa 21:16
Ishbosheth the son of Saul, king of Israel. For 2 years he was king of the northern kingdom of Israel. He probably reigned from Mahanaim. Ishbosheth Saul's son was forty years old when he began to reign over Israel, and reigned two years. But the house of Judah followed David. 2Sa 2:10.
Between the reign of Saul and David over Israel was a time of 6 years where David only ruled over Judah. But Ishbosheth's reign over the northern kingdom lasted only 2 years. So Abner could have been more or less in charge in the rest of the years. The two years of Ishbosheth were probably more towards the end of these 6 years.
But Abner the son of Ner, captain of Saul's host, took Ishbosheth the son of Saul, and brought him over to Mahanaim; 2Sa 2:8
Ishtob small kingdom or state which formed part of the general country of Aram The Ammonites secured mercenary soldiers from Ishtob to fight against David. And when the children of Ammon saw that they stank before David, the children of Ammon sent and hired the Syrians of Bethrehob, and the Syrians of Zoba, twenty thousand footmen, and of king Maacah a thousand men, and of Ishtob twelve thousand men. 2Sa 10:6
Israel The new name God gave to Jacob The term Israel was first the new name for Jacob, the first Jew. It then became the name of his people, the Israelites, and then the name of their country. And it shall come to pass, when the LORD shall have done to my lord according to all the good that he hath spoken concerning thee, and shall have appointed thee ruler over Israel; 1Sa 25:30
Ithra or Jether father of David's nephew Amasa Probably David's brother-in-law if Ithra was married to Abigail, David's half-sister And Absalom made Amasa captain of the host instead of Joab: which Amasa was a man's son, whose name was Ithra an Israelite, that went in to Abigail the daughter of Nahash, sister to Zeruiah Joab's mother. 2Sa 17:25
Ithream (6/6) sixth son, born in Hebron (6/6) son of Eglah And the sixth, Ithream, by Eglah David's wife. These were born to David in Hebron. 2Sa 3:5
Ittai the Gittite a native of Gath, a Philistine in the army of David, who first appeared on the morning of David's flight from Absalom and Jerusalem. The king saw him coming with those who remained faithful and besought him as "a stranger, and also as an exile" and as one who had but recently joined his service, to return and not ally himself to a doubtful cause. But Ittai declared himself to be the king's slave, and determined to share his master's fortunes. He was allowed to proceed, and passed over the Kedron with the king and his company. When the army was numbered and organized by David at Mahanaim, Ittai appeared in command of the third part of the force, and seems to have enjoyed rank with Joab and Abishai. Then said the king to Ittai the Gittite, Wherefore goest thou also with us? return to thy place, and abide with the king: for thou art a stranger, and also an exile. 2Sa 15:19
David dictionary
NameRelationship to DavidDetailsScripture text Scripture
Contents J       
Jaareoregim a Bethlehemite, father of Elhanan Elhanan slew the brother of Goliath the Gittite at a battle in Gob with the Philistines And there was again a battle in Gob with the Philistines, where Elhanan the son of Jaareoregim, a Bethlehemite, slew the brother of Goliath the Gittite, the staff of whose spear was like a weaver's beam. 2Sa 21:19
Jabesh town A short form of Jabeshgilead the valiant men arose, and went all night, and took the body of Saul and the bodies of his sons from the wall of Bethshan, and came to Jabesh, and burnt them there. 1Sa 31:12
Jabeshgilead An Israelite town E of Jordan The citizens rescued Saul's body from the walls of Bethshan after the battle of Gilboa when the inhabitants of Jabeshgilead heard of that which the Philistines had done to Saul; 1Sa 31:11
Jacob the first Jew David was the anointed of the God of Jacob Now these be the last words of David. David the son of Jesse said, and the man who was raised up on high, the anointed of the God of Jacob, and the sweet psalmist of Israel, said, 2Sa 23:1
Jairite And Ira also was a chief ruler about David And Ira also the Jairite was a chief ruler about David. 2Sa 20:26
Japhia son.
See Note No. 03.
born in Jerusalem And these be the names of those that were born unto him in Jerusalem; Shammua, and Shobab, and Nathan, and Solomon, Ibhar also, and Elishua, and Nepheg, and Japhia, And Elishama, and Eliada, and Eliphalet. 2Sa 5:14-16
Jasher the book of Jasher mentioned also in Joshua 10:13. It is a book mentioned in the Bible, but is not a book of the Bible. (Also he bade them teach the children of Judah the use of the bow: behold, it is written in the book of Jasher.) 2Sa 1:18
Jashobeam an Hachmonite he was chief of the captains, one of the mighty men whom David had And this is the number of the mighty men whom David had; Jashobeam, an Hachmonite, the chief of the captains: he lifted up his spear against three hundred slain by him at one time. 1Ch 11:11
Jazer town over Jordan, close to the river Gad And they passed over Jordan, and pitched in Aroer, on the right side of the city that lieth in the midst of the river of Gad, and toward Jazer: 2Sa 24:5
Jebus Jebus is Jerusalem the name of Jerusalem under Jebusite control And David and all Israel went to Jerusalem, which is Jebus; where the Jebusites were, the inhabitants of the land. 1Ch 11:4
Jebusites inhabitants of Jerusalem Descended from the third son of Canaan And the king and his men went to Jerusalem unto the Jebusites, the inhabitants of the land: which spake unto David, saying, Except thou take away the blind and the lame, thou shalt not come in hither: thinking, David cannot come in hither. 2Sa 5:6
Jedidiah beloved of Jehovah the name given by God through Natan to Solomon And he sent by the hand of Nathan the prophet; and he called his name Jedidiah, because of the LORD. 2Sa 12:25
Jehoiada father of Benaiah. Benaiah was over both the Cherethites and the Pelethites And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over both the Cherethites and the Pelethites; and David's sons were chief rulers. 2Sa 8:18
Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud. Jehoshaphat was recorder. He was the official clerk under David and Solomon And Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the host; and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder; 2Sa 8:16
Jerahmeelites descendants of Jerahmeel Jerahmeel was the firstborn son of Hezron, son of Pharez, son of Judah. So David made Achish believe, he was fighting his own people. Achish said, Whither have ye made a road to day? And David said, Against the south of Judah, and against the south of the Jerahmeelites, and against the south of the Kenites. 1Sa 27:10
Jericho village village 14 miles ENE of Jerusalem, 825 feet below sea level, north of the Dead Sea. When they told it unto David, he sent to meet them, because the men were greatly ashamed: and the king said, Tarry at Jericho until your beards be grown, and then return. 2Sa 10:5
Jerimoth son father-in-law of King Rehoboam. Jerimoth, son of David, was married to Abihal, the daughter of Eliab, the eldest brother of David. Their daughter was Mahalath, wife of Reoboam, king of Juda. And Rehoboam took him Mahalath the daughter of Jerimoth the son of David to wife, and Abihail the daughter of Eliab the son of Jesse; 2Ch 11:18
Jerubbesheth father of Abimelech Jerubbesheth is an epithet of Gideon. It is a name for Jerubbaal in which Baal is branded bosheth (besheth), the Hebrew word for "shame." This epithet of Gideon was given to avoid pronouncing the name of a false god (viz., Baal). Gideon is the judge who delivered Israel from the Midianites. Who smote Abimelech the son of Jerubbesheth? did not a woman cast a piece of a millstone upon him from the wall, that he died in Thebez? why went ye nigh the wall? then say thou, Thy servant Uriah the Hittite is dead also. 2Sa 11:21
Jerusalem locality, capital of Israel, 33 years David reigned as king of Israel from Jerusalem David taking the head of Goliath to Jerusalem was probably one the first steps of the Israelites to occupy that city David took the head of the Philistine, and brought it to Jerusalem; but he put his armour in his tent. 1Sa 17:54
Jeshimon locality place, which lies north of the Dead Sea Then came up the Ziphites to Saul to Gibeah, saying, Doth not David hide himself with us in strong holds in the wood, in the hill of Hachilah, which is on the south of Jeshimon? 1Sa 23:19
Jesse father He lived in Bethlehem. Jesse had eight sons [8/8], David was the seventh [7/8]. In 1Sa 17:12 it is said: Now David was the son of that Ephrathite of Bethlehemjudah, whose name was Jesse; and he had eight sons. The last historical mention of Jesse is in relation to the asylum which David procured for his father and his mother from the king of Moab, 1Sa 22:3-4. And the women her neighbours gave it a name, saying, There is a son born to Naomi; and they called his name Obed: he is the father of Jesse, the father of David. Ru 4:17
Jether or Ithra the father of Amasa Amasa commanded Absalom's rebel army, was defeated by Joab, pardoned by David, and replaced Joab as commander of the army. He was slain by Joab. Amasa was the son of Jether and of Abigail, the sister of David. So Jether was a brother-in-law of David.

Jether, the father of Amasa, is called an Ishmeelite in 1Ch 2:17, therefore a descendant of Ishmael, the first son of Abraham, from Hagar, the handmaid of Sarai. In 2Sa 17:25 the father of Amasa is called Ithra, and is called an Israelite, therefore a descendant of Israel, and that is Jacob, the son of Isaac, the second son of Abraham, from his wife Sarai; this could be a spelling mistake because Ishmeelite sounds rather more probable because it was something more unusual and is therefore mentioned.

Moreover thou knowest also what Joab the son of Zeruiah did to me, and what he did to the two captains of the hosts of Israel, unto Abner the son of Ner, and unto Amasa the son of Jether, whom he slew, and shed the blood of war in peace, and put the blood of war upon his girdle that was about his loins, and in his shoes that were on his feet. 1Ki 2:5
Jeush great-grandson son of King Rehoboam, David's second successor, David's grandson. His mother was Mahalath, David's granddaughter. And Rehoboam took him Mahalath the daughter of Jerimoth the son of David to wife, and Abihail the daughter of Eliab the son of Jesse; Which bare him children; Jeush, and Shamariah, and Zaham. 2Ch 11:18-19
Jezreel locality The town in the mountains of Judah; the native place of Ahinoam, one of David's wives. Town in the tribe of Judah (Joshua 15:56), probably today's Chirbet Tarama about 8 km SW of Hebron. And Abigail hasted, and arose, and rode upon an ass, with five damsels of hers that went after her; and she went after the messengers of David, and became his wife. David also took Ahinoam of Jezreel; and they were also both of them his wives. 1Sa 25:42-43
Jezreelitess, Ahinoam the wife, mother of his firstborn son Amnon Amnon was born in Hebron And unto David were sons born in Hebron: and his firstborn was Amnon, of Ahinoam the Jezreelitess; 2Sa 3:2
Joab nephew son of David's sister Zeruiah, brother of Abishai and Asahel, all 3 were generals of David. Joab is the main military figure in the history of David. There are several events where Joab plays the major role. Then answered David and said to Ahimelech the Hittite, and to Abishai the son of Zeruiah, brother to Joab, saying, Who will go down with me to Saul to the camp? And Abishai said, I will go down with thee. 1Sa 26:6
Jonadab nephew son of David's brother Shimeah [3/8]. A friend of Amnon. Jonadab was a very subtil man. Jonadab gave Amnon the idea how to get hold of Amnon's half-sister Tamar whom he loved. But Amnon then raped Tamar and this caused Tamar's brother, Absalom to get Amnon killed. But Amnon had a friend, whose name was Jonadab, the son of Shimeah David's brother: and Jonadab was a very subtil man. 2Sa 13:3
Jonathan friend eldest son of King Saul by his only wife, he was his father's heir, which makes his loyalty and affection for David, who succeeded Saul, the more wonderful. His prowess and courage as a warrior is recalled in David's elegy, 2Sa 1:22. He died at the Philistine victory at Mt Gilboa, along with his father and brothers. He could have probably avoided his premature death when he had left his natural family and joined his spiritual family, David's side. See The spiritual family. And it came to pass, when he had made an end of speaking unto Saul, that the soul of Jonathan was knit with the soul of David, and Jonathan loved him as his own soul. 1Sa 18:1
Jonathan nephew son of David's brother Shimeah [3/8]. He slew the son of the giant and that was the son of Goliath. And there was yet a battle in Gath, where was a man of great stature, that had on every hand six fingers, and on every foot six toes, four and twenty in number; and he also was born to the giant. And when he defied Israel, Jonathan the son of Shimeah the brother of David slew him. 2Sa 21:20-21
Jonathan the son of Abiathar the priest With Ahimaaz, Zadok's son, he acted as messenger from David's secret allies in Jerusalem during Absalom's rebellion, and escaped capture in Bahurim only by hiding in a well. He was one of the two messengers who brought news of Absalom's defeat. Later his loyalty to the house of David is shown by announcing to the ambitious Adonija the forestallment of his measures by the succession to the throne of Solomon. The king said also unto Zadok the priest, Art not thou a seer? return into the city in peace, and your two sons with you, Ahimaaz thy son, and Jonathan the son of Abiathar. 2Sa 15:27
Joram son of Toi king of Hamath envoy to David When Toi king of Hamath heard that David had smitten all the host of Hadadezer, Then Toi sent Joram his son unto king David, to salute him, and to bless him, because he had fought against Hadadezer, and smitten him: for Hadadezer had wars with Toi. And Joram brought with him vessels of silver, and vessels of gold, and vessels of brass: 2Sa 8:9-10
Jordan river The Jordan depression is unique among features of physical geography. It is the lowest depression on earth. The headwaters of the river Jordan, fed by springs, collect into Lake Huleh, 70 m above sea-level. Ten km S at Lake Tiberias the river is already nearly 200 m below the Mediterranean, while at the N end of the Dead Sea the floor of the trench has dropped a further 177 m and the river has plunged to 393 m below sea-level. And when the men of Israel that were on the other side of the valley, and they that were on the other side Jordan, saw that the men of Israel fled, and that Saul and his sons were dead, they forsook the cities, and fled; and the Philistines came and dwelt in them. 1Sa 31:7
Judah southern part of Israel. One difference between the northern kingdom of Israel and the southern kingdom of Judah was that the ruling dynasties in Israel changed but not so in Judah, there it was always the dynasty of David, all kings were descendants of David. David was thirty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned forty years. In Hebron he reigned over Judah seven years and six months: and in Jerusalem he reigned thirty and three years over all Israel and Judah. (2Sa 5:4-5)
Judah was that part of Israel, the southern part, that lasted about 345 years as a kingdom, 931-585 before Christ; the northern part lasted only about 209 years as a kingdom, 931-722; that is after the two parts became divided - after Solomon.
Now the Philistines gathered together their armies to battle, and were gathered together at Shochoh, which belongeth to Judah, and pitched between Shochoh and Azekah, in Ephesdammim. And Saul and the men of Israel were gathered together, and pitched by the valley of Elah, and set the battle in array against the Philistines. 1Sa 17:1-2
David dictionary
NameRelationship to DavidDetailsScripture text Scripture
Contents K       
Kabzeel a city in the south of Judah the birthplace of Beniah And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, the son of a valiant man, of Kabzeel, who had done many acts, he slew two lionlike men of Moab: he went down also and slew a lion in the midst of a pit in time of snow: 2Sa 23:20
Keilah town a city about 8.5 miles N. W. of Hebron Then they told David, saying, Behold, the Philistines fight against Keilah, and they rob the threshingfloors. 1Sa 23:1
Kenites tribe The Kenites were a Midianite tribe. The name means 'smith', and the presence of copper SE of the Gulf of Aqabah, the Kenite-Midianite region, confirms this interpretation. Achish said, Whither have ye made a road to day? And David said, Against the south of Judah, and against the south of the Jerahmeelites, and against the south of the Kenites. 1Sa 27:10
Kidron brook The brook Kidron, the modern Wadi en-Nar, is a torrent-bed, which begins to the N of Jerusalem, it leaves the Temple mount on the right and the Mount of Olives and Bethany on the left, Bethlehem on the far right. It reaches the Dead Sea by way of the wilderness of Judea. It was also called 'the Valley of Jehoshaphat.' It is crossed by the ways to Bethany and Jericho. It separates Jerusalem from the Mount of Olives. And all the country wept with a loud voice, and all the people passed over: the king also himself passed over the brook Kidron, and all the people passed over, toward the way of the wilderness. 2Sa 15:23
King the men of Judah came, and in Hebron they anointed David king over the house of Judah. David had been anointed by Samuel, the people acknowledged this and also anointed him. The perfect picture of an elder in the church of God. God anoints an elder and the members of the body of Christ acknowledge that anointment and anoint this person to their elder. And when David became king of the united Israel it was the same. Then came all the tribes of Israel to David unto Hebron and they anointed David king over Israel. The complete opposite picture are the sons of his who wanted to be first, Absalom and Adoniah, or Diothrephes, who wants to be first, prating against John with malicious words, trying to push John the apostle out of his office of elder . And the men of Judah came, and there they anointed David king over the house of Judah. And they told David, saying, That the men of Jabeshgilead were they that buried Saul. 2Sa 2:4
Kirjathjearim that is Baalah, a Gibeonite town. David fetched the ark from Kirjathjearim and brought it to Jerusalem. The Philistines had the ark but instead of turning to its power and therefore to the power of God, after they had seen it causing their god Dagon to fall over and break his neck, they reinstalled Dagon and therefore rejected God and got into terrible trouble and tried to get rid of the ark. They put it on a cart and two cows in front of it and the two cows miraculously pulled it to Israel, to Beth-shemesh, and the men from Kirjathjearim fetched it and brought it into the house of Abinadab in the hill, and sanctified Eleazar his son to keep it. And the ark stayed in Kirjathjearim 20 years. Then David fetched it from Kirjathjearim, to bring it to Jerusalem but Uzza thought it necessary to protect God when the oxen stumbled and put forth his hand to hold the ark and God smote him and David was afraid of God and carried the ark into the house of Obededom and there the ark remained for 3 months and when God blessed Obededom then David went and brought up the ark into the city of David. So David gathered all Israel together, from Shihor of Egypt even unto the entering of Hemath, to bring the ark of God from Kirjathjearim. And David went up, and all Israel, to Baalah, that is, to Kirjathjearim, which belonged to Judah, to bring up thence the ark of God the LORD, that dwelleth between the cherubims, whose name is called on it. 1Ch 13:5-6
Kish the father of King Saul a Benjamite, he was the son of Ner. And the name of Saul's wife was Ahinoam, the daughter of Ahimaaz: and the name of the captain of his host was Abner, the son of Ner, Saul's uncle. And Kish was the father of Saul; and Ner the father of Abner was the son of Abiel. 1Sa 14:50-51
David dictionary
NameRelationship to DavidDetailsScripture text Scripture
Contents L       
Laish the father of Phaltiel, the, temporary, husband of Michal, the wife of David, the daughter of Saul. Phaltiel was the husband of Michal, the daughter of King Saul, after Michal was the wife of David, her first husband, and before Michal became again the Wife of David. And David sent messengers to Ishbosheth Saul's son, saying, Deliver me my wife Michal, which I espoused to me for an hundred foreskins of the Philistines. And Ishbosheth sent, and took her from her husband, even from Phaltiel the son of Laish. 2Sa 3:14-15
Levites Levi was the third son of Jacob, from his first wife Lea. The sons of Levi are Gershon, Kohath and Merari. His daughter was Jochebed, the mother of Miriam, Aaron and Moses. The Levites are the descendants of Levi. As priestly auxiliaries the care of the Ark and the Sanctuary was their special responsibility, and in Jerusalem they had hereditary duties at the Temple and were later teachers of the Law.
After David had established himself as king of the united Israel and as first king in Jerusalem, he caused the Israelites to again turn completely to God and he brought the ark to Jerusalem and did this with the help of the Levites.
He also wanted to build a permanent house for God but God told him to leave it to Solomon, David's son and successor as king.
In Numbers 3:6-8 the ministry of the Levites is described: "Bring the tribe of Levi near, and present them before Aaron the priest, that they may minister unto him. And they shall keep his charge, and the charge of the whole congregation before the tabernacle of the congregation, to do the service of the tabernacle. And they shall keep all the instruments of the tabernacle of the congregation, and the charge of the children of Israel, to do the service of the tabernacle."
Within the tribe of Levi therefore one has to distinguish: the priests out of the family of Aaron, out of which also the high priest came, and the remaining Levites, who certainly came from Levi, but not from Aaron.
The most famous descendant of Levi was Moses. So he was a Levite; but he did not belong to the family of Aaron and was therefore no priest and he was also no Levite in the sense of being priestly auxiliary.
Then David said, None ought to carry the ark of God but the Levites: for them hath the LORD chosen to carry the ark of God, and to minister unto him for ever. 1Ch 15:2
Lodebar place Where Mephibosheth lived before David recalled him; E of the Jordan And the king said unto him, Where is he? And Ziba said unto the king, Behold, he is in the house of Machir, the son of Ammiel, in Lodebar. 2Sa 9:4
David dictionary
NameRelationship to DavidDetailsScripture text Scripture
Contents M       
Maacah wife, mother of Absalom (3/6) and Tamar (2) Maacah was the daughter of Talmai king of Geshur And his second, Chileab, of Abigail the wife of Nabal the Carmelite; and the third, Absalom the son of Maacah the daughter of Talmai king of Geshur; 2Sa 3:3
Maacah Aramaean kingdom. Landscape in North Palestine between Mt Hermon in the North, Geshur in the South, Bashan in the East and the Wadi el Hasbani, a spring of the Jordan river, in the West. In this area lies Abel of Bethmaachah. In the beginning the land could not be conquered by the Israelites: nevertheless they did not expell those of Maacah, who dwelled among the Israelites (Joshua 13:13). In the first years of the rule of David Maacah was still an independent kingdom. But at the time of Seba's rebellion Abel of Bethmaachah was an Israeli town; the wise woman calls it a city and a mother in Israel (2Sa 20:19). The Ammonites secured mercenary soldiers from Maacah to fight against David. And when the children of Ammon saw that they stank before David, the children of Ammon sent and hired the Syrians of Bethrehob, and the Syrians of Zoba, twenty thousand footmen, and of king Maacah a thousand men, and of Ishtob twelve thousand men. 2Sa 10:6
Maachah granddaughter daughter of Absalom (3/6) or Abishalom (3/6), wife of King Reoboam. Maachah was the favoured wife of King Rehoboam, the son of King Solomon, "And Rehoboam loved Maachah the daughter of Absalom above all his wives and his concubines." 2Ch 11:21. Now in the eighteenth year of king Jeroboam the son of Nebat reigned Abijam over Judah. Three years reigned he in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Maachah, the daughter of Abishalom. 1Ki 15:1-2
Machir the son of Ammiel, Ziba told David that Mephibosheth was in the house of Machir when David enquired about the house of Saul. Later Machir was one of those who brought provisions to David when David fled from Absalom. And the king said unto him, Where is he? And Ziba said unto the king, Behold, he is in the house of Machir, the son of Ammiel, in Lodebar. 2Sa 9:4
Mahalath granddaughter daughter of Jerimoth, David's son. The wife of King Rehoboam, David's second successor. Mahalath was also the daughter of Abihal, the daughter of Eliab, David's eldest brother. Abihal was Jerimoth's wife. And Rehoboam took him Mahalath the daughter of Jerimoth the son of David to wife, and Abihail the daughter of Eliab the son of Jesse; 2Ch 11:18
Mahanaim city, a place in Gilead. Ishbosheth probably reigned from there as king of Israel. a place beyond the Jordan, north of the brook Jabbok, where the angels of God appeared to Jacob (Ge 32:1-2) But Abner the son of Ner, captain of Saul's host, took Ishbosheth the son of Saul, and brought him over to Mahanaim; 2Sa 2:8
Mahlon first husband of Ruth, David's ancestor, David's great-grandmother Naomi's first son, he was the first husband of Ruth, he died, as well as his brother Chilion and their father Elimelech, in Moab. And the name of the man was Elimelech, and the name of his wife Naomi, and the name of his two sons Mahlon and Chilion, Ephrathites of Bethlehemjudah. And they came into the country of Moab, and continued there. Ru 1:2
Malchishua son of King Saul slain in mount Gilboa And the Philistines followed hard upon Saul and upon his sons; and the Philistines slew Jonathan, and Abinadab, and Malchishua, Saul's sons. 1Sa 31:2
Maoch father of Achish Maoch was the father of the Philistine king of Gath And David arose, and he passed over with the six hundred men that were with him unto Achish, the son of Maoch, king of Gath. 1Sa 27:2
Maon locality, today called Tell Main an elevated town in the tribe of Judah 13 km S. from Hebron and 2 km S. from Karmel, where David hid himself from Saul and in which Nabal and Abigail lived. The wilderness is east of the town. And they arose, and went to Ziph before Saul: but David and his men were in the wilderness of Maon, in the plain on the south of Jeshimon. 1Sa 23:24
Mara Mara is a name Naomi requests to be called by Naomi is the mother-in-law of Ruth, David's ancestor, David's great-grandmother And she said unto them, Call me not Naomi, call me Mara: for the Almighty hath dealt very bitterly with me. Ru 1:20
Meholathite Adriel was the son of Barzillai the Meholathite. The daughter of King Saul, Merab, was given to Adriel as wife, not to David Saul wanted to give Merab to David as wife it came to pass at the time when Merab Saul's daughter should have been given to David, that she was given unto Adriel the Meholathite to wife. 1Sa 18:19
Mephibosheth son of Jonathan, King Saul's son Ziba introduced Mephibosheth to David when he desired to honour Jonathan's memory. When Mephibosheth was given a place at court, Ziba was appointed steward of Saul's estates bestowed on Mephibosheth. When David was driven out by Absalom's rebellion Ziba brought him food and also falsely accused Mephibosheth of deserting the king. David accepted his story, did not ascertain the other side, and gave the property to Ziba. On David's return, Ziba hastened to meet him, but later his treachery was revealed. David, in a difficult position, divided the property between them, and Mephibosheth was seemingly content. And Jonathan, Saul's son, had a son that was lame of his feet. He was five years old when the tidings came of Saul and Jonathan out of Jezreel, and his nurse took him up, and fled: and it came to pass, as she made haste to flee, that he fell, and became lame. And his name was Mephibosheth. 2Sa 4:4
Mephibosheth son of Rizpah, King Saul's concubine He and his brother Armoni were among the seven victims who were surrendered by David to the Gibeonites, and by them hanged in sacrifice to Jehovah, to avert a famine from which the country was suffering. But the king took the two sons of Rizpah the daughter of Aiah, whom she bare unto Saul, Armoni and Mephibosheth; and the five sons of Michal the daughter of Saul, whom she brought up for Adriel the son of Barzillai the Meholathite: 2Sa 21:8
Merab elder daughter of King Saul Saul wanted to give Merab to David as wife, but she was given unto Adriel the Meholath to wife And Saul said to David, Behold my elder daughter Merab, her will I give thee to wife: only be thou valiant for me, and fight the LORD'S battles. For Saul said, Let not mine hand be upon him, but let the hand of the Philistines be upon him. 1Sa 18:17
Methegammah place the figurative term for the chief city of the Philistines, viz., Gath. And after this it came to pass, that David smote the Philistines, and subdued them: and David took Methegammah out of the hand of the Philistines. 2Sa 8:1
Micha young son of Mephibosheth, the son of Jonathan And Mephibosheth had a young son, whose name was Micha. And all that dwelt in the house of Ziba were servants unto Mephibosheth. 2Sa 9:12
Michaiah Michaiah was the wife of David's grandson King Rehoboam. She was the daughter of Uriel of Gibeah. She was the mother of Abijah (2), king of Judah. He reigned three years in Jerusalem. His mother's name also was Michaiah the daughter of Uriel of Gibeah. And there was war between Abijah and Jeroboam 2Ch 13:2
Michal David's first wife younger daughter of King Saul. Saul had two daughters, Merab and Michal. Michal remained loyal to David when her father turned against David. But Saul gave her to Phalti as wife. But when David was king she again became his wife. Michal despised David when he danced before the ark and therefore she had no child unto the day of her death. But she seems to have brought up 5 sons of her sister, 2Sa 21:8. And Michal Saul's daughter loved David: and they told Saul, and the thing pleased him. According to 1Sa 18:20
Millo a place-name a rampart consisting of two walls with a space between them filled in, a kind of fortification. So David dwelt in the fort, and called it the city of David. And David built round about from Millo and inward. 2Sa 5:9
Mizpeh town town of Moab to which David removed his parents when threatened by Saul And David went thence to Mizpeh of Moab: and he said unto the king of Moab, Let my father and my mother, I pray thee, come forth, and be with you, till I know what God will do for me. 1Sa 22:3
Moab country of David's ancestor Ruth. Naomi's new home. Moab was a son of Lot and of his elder daughter. Lot was Abraham's nephew. The core of the territory of Moab was the plateau E of the Dead Sea between the wadis Arnon and Zared. Now it came to pass in the days when the judges ruled, that there was a famine in the land. And a certain man of Bethlehemjudah went to sojourn in the country of Moab, he, and his wife, and his two sons. Ru 1:1
Mother The name of David's mother is not given. David's mother is mentioned in 1Sa 22:3-4. She was probably married before and may have had two daughters, the sisters of David: Zeruiah and Abigail. Abigail's father was Nahash. So Nahash could have been the first husband of David's mother. Nahash could have been the king of Ammon. And David went thence to Mizpeh of Moab: and he said unto the king of Moab, Let my father and my mother, I pray thee, come forth, and be with you, till I know what God will do for me. And he brought them before the king of Moab: and they dwelt with him all the while that David was in the hold. 1Sa 22:3-4
David dictionary
NameRelationship to DavidDetailsScripture text Scripture
Contents N       
Nabal man in Maon husband of Abigail, David's future wife And there was a man in Maon, whose possessions were in Carmel; and the man was very great, and he had three thousand sheep, and a thousand goats: and he was shearing his sheep in Carmel. Now the name of the man was Nabal; and the name of his wife Abigail: and she was a woman of good understanding, and of a beautiful countenance: but the man was churlish and evil in his doings; and he was of the house of Caleb. 1Sa 25:2-3
Nachon owner of a threshingfloor or a name by which the threshingfloor was known at Nachon's threshingfloor Uzzah put forth his hand to the ark of God, and God smote him And when they came to Nachon's threshingfloor, Uzzah put forth his hand to the ark of God, and took hold of it; for the oxen shook it. And the anger of the LORD was kindled against Uzzah; and God smote him there for his error; and there he died by the ark of God. And David was displeased, because the LORD had made a breach upon Uzzah: and he called the name of the place Perezuzzah to this day. 2Sa 6:6-8
Nahash father of David's half-sister Abigail, Nahash could have been the king of the children of Ammon And Absalom made Amasa captain of the host instead of Joab: which Amasa was a man's son, whose name was Ithra an Israelite, that went in to Abigail the daughter of Nahash, sister to Zeruiah Joab's mother. 2Sa 17:25
Nahash father of Hanun, king of Ammon When Nahash died, David sent ambassadors to his son Hanun to condole with Hanun. Hanun treated David's ambassadors shamefully. Then said David, I will shew kindness unto Hanun the son of Nahash, as his father shewed kindness unto me. And David sent to comfort him by the hand of his servants for his father. And David's servants came into the land of the children of Ammon. 2Sa 10:2
Naioth locality a place or quarter in Ramah where Samuel supervised a community of prophets So David fled, and escaped, and came to Samuel to Ramah, and told him all that Saul had done to him. And he and Samuel went and dwelt in Naioth. 1Sa 19:18
Naomi Naomi, from David's hometown, mother-in-law of Ruth. Naomi is a main figure in the Book of Ruth. Naomi was a woman who endured quite some negative things in life but the result of her fate was that through her daughter-in-law she became an important figure in the ancestry of David and therefore of that of the Messiah. And the name of the man was Elimelech, and the name of his wife Naomi, and the name of his two sons Mahlon and Chilion, Ephrathites of Bethlehemjudah. And they came into the country of Moab, and continued there. Ru 1:2
Nathan son son of Bathshua the daughter of Ammiel And these were born unto him in Jerusalem; Shimea, and Shobab, and Nathan, and Solomon, four, of Bathshua the daughter of Ammiel: 1Ch 3:5
Nathan the prophet. Nathan was also the author of The Book of Nathan the Prophet Nathan is best known for his fearless and wise denunciation of David's double sin against Uriah the Hittite, and the parable in which it was couched. David was rebuked and he repented, very much in contrast to Saul, who was rebuked by Samuel and by David and just carried on trying to kill David. Several times Nathan encouraged David to do what is in his heart because the Lord was with David. the king said unto Nathan the prophet, See now, I dwell in an house of cedar, but the ark of God dwelleth within curtains. 2Sa 7:2
Nepheg son born in Jerusalem And these be the names of those that were born unto him in Jerusalem; Shammua, and Shobab, and Nathan, and Solomon, Ibhar also, and Elishua, and Nepheg, and Japhia, And Elishama, and Eliada, and Eliphalet. 2Sa 5:14-16
Ner the father of Abner a Benjamite, father of Kish and Abner, and grandfather of King Saul And the name of Saul's wife was Ahinoam, the daughter of Ahimaaz: and the name of the captain of his host was Abner, the son of Ner, Saul's uncle. And Kish was the father of Saul; and Ner the father of Abner was the son of Abiel. 1Sa 14:50-51
Nethaneel fourth eldest brother [4/8] Bethlehem And Jesse begat his firstborn Eliab, and Abinadab the second, and Shimma the third, Nethaneel the fourth, Raddai the fifth, 1Ch 2:13-14
Nob locality according to 1Sa 22:19 Nob is the city of the priests; near Jerusalem Then came David to Nob to Ahimelech the priest: and Ahimelech was afraid at the meeting of David, and said unto him, Why art thou alone, and no man with thee? 1Sa 21:1
Nogah son born in Jerusalem these were born unto him in Jerusalem; Shimea, and Shobab, and Nathan, and Solomon, four, of Bathshua the daughter of Ammiel: Ibhar also, and Elishama, and Eliphelet, And Nogah, and Nepheg, and Japhia, And Elishama, and Eliada, and Eliphelet, nine. 1Ch 3:5-8
David dictionary
NameRelationship to DavidDetailsScripture text Scripture
Contents O       
Obed grandfather, father of Jesse Bethlehem And the women her neighbours gave it a name, saying, There is a son born to Naomi; and they called his name Obed: he is the father of Jesse, the father of David. Ru 4:17
Obededom the Gittite the presence of the ark in the house of Obededom caused his house to be blessed. Twenty years the ark had been in Kirjathjearim and now the ark continued in the house of Obedom three months. The practising of the presence of God will achieve the same because the ark represents it. So David would not remove the ark of the LORD unto him into the city of David: but David carried it aside into the house of Obededom the Gittite. And the ark of the LORD continued in the house of Obededom the Gittite three months: and the LORD blessed Obededom, and all his household. 2Sa 6:10-11
Olivet mount Mount of Olives. The ridge of hills east of Jerusalem, and separated from it by the Jehoshaphat valley. And David went up by the ascent of mount Olivet, and wept as he went up, and had his head covered, and he went barefoot: and all the people that was with him covered every man his head, and they went up, weeping as they went up. 2Sa 15:30
Orpah sister-in-law of Ruth, David's great-grandmother In Moab. Orpah's husband was Chilion, son of Naomi. After her husband and her father-in-law Elimelech and brother-in-law Mahlon had died, she remained in Moab, while her sister-in-law Ruth kept close to their mother-in-law Naomi and moved with her to Judah. Ruth remained loyal to her new faith while Orpah fell back. Orpah has gone back unto her gods and Ruth said to Naomi: they people shall be my people, and they God my God. And they took them wives of the women of Moab; the name of the one was Orpah, and the name of the other Ruth: and they dwelled there about ten years. Ru 1:4
Ozem sixth eldest brother [6/8] Bethlehem And Jesse begat his firstborn Eliab, and Abinadab the second, and Shimma the third, Nethaneel the fourth, Raddai the fifth, Ozem the sixth, David the seventh: 1Ch 2:13-15
David dictionary
NameRelationship to DavidDetailsScripture text Scripture
Contents P       
Paran Wilderness. David went down to the wilderness of Paran after Samuel died. a wilderness region located in the E. central region of the Sinaitic Peninsula, NE from the traditional Sinai and SSE of Kadesh. This region bordered the Arabah and the Gulf of Aqabah on the east, and apparently comprised the Wilderness of Zin, Kadesch-barnea and Elath. And Samuel died; and all the Israelites were gathered together, and lamented him, and buried him in his house at Ramah. And David arose, and went down to the wilderness of Paran. 1Sa 25:1
Pasdammim Place in the valley of Elah, between Shochoh and Azeka scene of fierce conflict with the Philistines And after him was Eleazar the son of Dodo, the Ahohite, who was one of the three mighties. He was with David at Pasdammim, and there the Philistines were gathered together to battle, where was a parcel of ground full of barley; and the people fled from before the Philistines. 1Ch 11:12-13
Pelethites always mentioned together with the Cherethites "The Cherethites and the Pelethites," a collective term for David's life-guards. In the reign of David the Cherethites and the Pelethites formed his private bodyguard under the command of Benaiah the son of Jehoiada. They remained loyal to him through the rebellions of Absalom and Sheba and were present when Solomon was anointed for kingship. And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over both the Cherethites and the Pelethites; and David's sons were chief rulers. 2Sa 8:18
Perezuzzah a place also called Nachon's threshingfloor, the place where Uzzah died, as a result of touching the ark of God. About a mile and a half or two miles from the site of Kirjath-jearim, on the road to Jerusalem, is a small village still called Khirbet-el-Uz, or "the ruins of Uzzah." This seems to be Perez-uzzah. And when they came to Nachon's threshingfloor, Uzzah put forth his hand to the ark of God, and took hold of it; for the oxen shook it. And the anger of the LORD was kindled against Uzzah; and God smote him there for his error; and there he died by the ark of God. And David was displeased, because the LORD had made a breach upon Uzzah: and he called the name of the place Perezuzzah to this day. 2Sa 6:6-8
Phaltiel son of Laish Phaltiel was the husband of Michal, the daughter of King Saul, after Michal was the wife of David, her first husband, and before Michal became again the wife of David. And David sent messengers to Ishbosheth Saul's son, saying, Deliver me my wife Michal, which I espoused to me for an hundred foreskins of the Philistines. And Ishbosheth sent, and took her from her husband, even from Phaltiel the son of Laish. 2Sa 3:14-15
Philistines enemies Setting the battle in array against the Philistines! History has not changed. The battle is still going on now after more than 3000 years. David ruled 40 years, from 1011 to 971 before Christ. He was 30 years old when he began to reign. So he might have been 20 years old when he killed Goliath. And that was then the year 1021 before Christ, therefore more than 3000 years ago. The Philistine territory extends along the Mediterranean cost from Joppa to S. of Gaza. The Philistines derived from Casluhim, the son of Mizraim (Egypt) the son of Ham, the son of Noah. Now the Philistines gathered together their armies to battle, and were gathered together at Shochoh, which belongeth to Judah, and pitched between Shochoh and Azekah, in Ephesdammim. And Saul and the men of Israel were gathered together, and pitched by the valley of Elah, and set the battle in array against the Philistines. 1Sa 17:1-2
Prophets there were several prophets in the life of David there was Samuel who anointed him and with whom David dwelt after he fled from Saul (1Sa 19:18).
Gad the prophet initiated the location of the temple in Jerusalem, by telling David to rear an altar in the threshing floor of Araunah the Jebusite (2Sa 24:18). Gad was also the seer who wrote the acts of David the king (1Ch 29:29). And the prophet Gad was also the man who told David, Abide not in the hold; depart, and get thee into the land of Judah (1Sa 22:5).
Natan the prophet was the man who advised David regarding the building of the temple (2Sa 7) and he brought David back on the way of God with his famous parable and he gave David's son Solomon the name Jedidiah (2Sa 12:25).
David always sought the advice of prophets, and listened to them and did what they told him. And David also always communicated directly with God and Nathan confirmed this: Go, do all that is in thine heart; for the LORD is with thee (2Sa 7:3).
And all Israel from Dan even to Beersheba knew that Samuel was established to be a prophet of the LORD. 1Sa_3:20
Psalm a psalm of David, 1Ch 16:8-36, David delivered when the ark was brought into Jerusalem. David delivered this psalm when the ark was brought into Jerusalem. Then on that day David delivered first this psalm to thank the LORD into the hand of Asaph and his brethren. 1Ch 16:7
David dictionary
NameRelationship to DavidDetailsScripture text Scripture
Contents Q       
David dictionary
NameRelationship to DavidDetailsScripture text Scripture
Contents R       
Rabbah city The capital of Ammon, now Amman, capital of Jordan, 35 km E of the river Jordan. And it came to pass, after the year was expired, at the time when kings go forth to battle, that David sent Joab, and his servants with him, and all Israel; and they destroyed the children of Ammon, and besieged Rabbah. But David tarried still at Jerusalem. 2Sa 11:1
Raddai fifth eldest brother [5/8] Bethlehem And Jesse begat his firstborn Eliab, and Abinadab the second, and Shimma the third, Nethaneel the fourth, Raddai the fifth, Ozem the sixth, David the seventh: 1Ch 2:13-15
Rahab great-great-grandmother Jericho. Rahab was the wife of Salmon (Mt 1:5). Joshua sent two men to spy out Jericho. And they came into an harlot's house, named Rahab, and lodged there. Jos 2:1 And Joshua the son of Nun sent out of Shittim two men to spy secretly, saying, Go view the land, even Jericho. And they went, and came into an harlot's house, named Rahab, and lodged there. Jos 2:1
Ramah locality the birthplace and home of Samuel, 14 km NE of Lydda, Arimathaea in NT times, today Rentis So David fled, and escaped, and came to Samuel to Ramah, and told him all that Saul had done to him. And he and Samuel went and dwelt in Naioth. 1Sa 19:18
Rechab the son of Rimmon a Beerothite. Captain of bands of Ishbosheth, king of Israel Rechab and his brother Baanah smote Ishbosheth And Saul's son had two men that were captains of bands: the name of the one was Baanah, and the name of the other Rechab, the sons of Rimmon a Beerothite, of the children of Benjamin: (for Beeroth also was reckoned to Benjamin: 2Sa 4:2
Rehob king of Zobah, the father of Hadadezer Zobah was an Aramaen state David smote also Hadadezer, the son of Rehob, king of Zobah, as he went to recover his border at the river Euphrates. 2Sa 8:3
Rehob another name for Bethrehob The Ammonites secured mercenary soldiers from Bethrehob to fight against David. And the children of Ammon came out, and put the battle in array at the entering in of the gate: and the Syrians of Zoba, and of Rehob, and Ishtob, and Maacah, were by themselves in the field. 2Sa 10:8
Rehoboam grandson. Rehoboam, King of Judah, son of Solomon and Naamah an Ammonitess. Upon his father death's Rehoboam reigned in his stead, 1Ki 11:43. And Rehoboam went to Shechem: for all Israel were come to Shechem to make him king, 1Ki 12:1. But this did not materialize because of his wrong attitude which caused the kingdom to become divided. Israel therefore departed unto their tents, 1Ki 12:16. But as for the children of Israel which dwelt in the cities of Judah, Rehoboam reigned over them, 1Ki 12:17. And he did evil, because he prepared not his heart to seek the LORD, 2Ch 12:14. And the northern part of Israel made Jeroboam king over them, 1Ki 12:20. When Solomon was still king the prophet Ahijah told Jeroboam, a mighty man of valour and industrious, that God will rend the kingdom out of the hand of Solomon, and give ten tribes to Jeroboam, 1 Ki 11:31. Solomon sought therefore to kill Jeroboam. And Jeroboam arose, and fled into Egypt and was in Egypt until the death of Solomon, 1Ki 11:40. But then Jeroboam returned and was made king over the northern kingdom. And Solomon slept with his fathers, and was buried in the city of David his father: and Rehoboam his son reigned in his stead. 1Ki 11:43
Rei name of a person an adherent of David at a time of Adonijah's usurpation who was not with Adonijah. But Zadok the priest, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and Nathan the prophet, and Shimei, and Rei, and the mighty men which belonged to David, were not with Adonijah. 1Ki 1:8
Rephaim valley not very distant from Bethlehem The Philistines also came and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim. 2Sa 5:18
Rimmon a Beerothite, of the children of Benjamin. His two sons, Baanah and Rechab smote Ishbosheth, king of Israel And Saul's son had two men that were captains of bands: the name of the one was Baanah, and the name of the other Rechab, the sons of Rimmon a Beerothite, of the children of Benjamin: (for Beeroth also was reckoned to Benjamin: 2Sa 4:2
Rizpah, the daughter of Aiah concubine of Saul Ishbosheth accuses Abner to have gone into his father's concubine Rizpah and this upsets Abner and causes the unification of the northern kingdom of Israel and the southern kingdom of Judah under David: "To translate the kingdom from the house of Saul, and to set up the throne of David over Israel and over Judah, from Dan even to Beersheba." This is Abner speaking to Ishbosheth in 2Sa 3:10. And Saul had a concubine, whose name was Rizpah, the daughter of Aiah: and Ishbosheth said to Abner, Wherefore hast thou gone in unto my father's concubine? 2Sa 3:7
Rogelim home of Barzillai the Gileadite a town in Gilead, the residence of Barzillai And it came to pass, when David was come to Mahanaim, that Shobi the son of Nahash of Rabbah of the children of Ammon, and Machir the son of Ammiel of Lodebar, and Barzillai the Gileadite of Rogelim, Brought beds, and basons, and earthen vessels, and wheat, and barley, and flour, and parched corn, and beans, and lentiles, and parched pulse, 2Sa 17:27-28
Ruth great-grandmother, wife of his great-grandfather Boaz. Ruth is from Moab, she had been the wife of Mahlon, an Israelite, son of Naomi, but Mahlon died. Ruth, like her mother-in-law Rahab, her second mother-in-law, the mother of Boaz, is the type of a true Israeli who made a choice to join the faith of the Israelites and therefore became one herself. Here what Boaz, her future husband has to say about this choice (Ru 2:11-12): Boaz answered and said unto her, It hath fully been shewed me, all that thou hast done unto thy mother in law since the death of thine husband: and how thou hast left thy father and thy mother, and the land of thy nativity, and art come unto a people which thou knewest not heretofore. The LORD recompense thy work, and a full reward be given thee of the LORD God of Israel, under whose wings thou art come to trust.
A true Israeli, a true child of God, is a person who makes the choice to be child of God.
And they took them wives of the women of Moab; the name of the one was Orpah, and the name of the other Ruth: and they dwelled there about ten years. Ru 1:4
David dictionary
NameRelationship to DavidDetailsScripture text Scripture
Contents S       
Salmon Ancestor of David husband of Rahab, father of Boaz And Amminadab begat Nashon, and Nashon begat Salmon Ru 4:20
Samuel Through Samuel the spirit of the Lord comes upon David Samuel anointed David. Samuel represents the time of the end of the judges and the beginning of the kingdom. Then Samuel took the horn of oil, and anointed him in the midst of his brethren: and the Spirit of the LORD came upon David from that day forward. So Samuel rose up, and went to Ramah. 1Sa 16:13
Saul The first King of Israel, David's predecessor as king of the combined Israel. Learn more about Apostolic Succession, succession from Saul to David, in Is Suffering Necessary? "Apostolic Succession" does not depend on being anointed once, when the spirit leaves the anointing is gone, and when the anointer himself was not anointed then the "anointed" was never anointed. Right from the beginning the clerics of Orthodoxy were never anointed. Saul in his state of having no anointing is the typical representative of the clergyman: the killer of the prophets. Then Samuel took the horn of oil, and anointed him in the midst of his brethren: and the Spirit of the LORD came upon David from that day forward. So Samuel rose up, and went to Ramah. But the Spirit of the LORD departed from Saul, and an evil spirit from the LORD troubled him. 1Sa 16:13-14
Sechu locality a place near Ramah, which Saul visited when seeking David and Samuel Then went he also to Ramah, and came to a great well that is in Sechu: and he asked and said, Where are Samuel and David? And one said, Behold, they be at Naioth in Ramah. 1Sa 19:22
Selahammahlekoth locality a rock in the wilderness of Moan. The scene of one of David's most remarkable escapes from Saul. Wherefore Saul returned from pursuing after David, and went against the Philistines: therefore they called that place Selahammahlekoth. 1Sa 23:28
Seraiah scribe Seraiah was the scribe or secretary of David And Zadok the son of Ahitub, and Ahimelech the son of Abiathar, were the priests; and Seraiah was the scribe; 2Sa 8:17
Shamariah or Shemaria great-grandson son of King Rehoboam, David's second successor, David's grandson. His mother was Mahalath, David's granddaughter. And Rehoboam took him Mahalath the daughter of Jerimoth the son of David to wife, and Abihail the daughter of Eliab the son of Jesse; Which bare him children; Jeush, and Shamariah, and Zaham. 2Ch 11:18-19
Shammah or Shimma or Shimeah third eldest brother [3/8] Bethlehem. This name Shammah is spelled Shimma in 1Ch 2:13 and Shimeah 2Sa 13,3 und in 2Sa 13,32. Then Jesse made Shammah to pass by. And he said, Neither hath the LORD chosen this. 1Sa 16:9
Shammah the son of Agee the Hararite when the people fled from the Philistines, he stood in the midst of the ground full of lentiles, and defended it, and slew the Philistines: and the LORD wrought a great victory. And after him was Shammah the son of Agee the Hararite. And the Philistines were gathered together into a troop, where was a piece of ground full of lentiles: and the people fled from the Philistines. 2Sa 23:11
Shammua or Shimea or Shammuah son. The different spellings of the name are discussed in Note No. 03. son of Bathshua the daughter of Ammiel Now these are the names of his children which he had in Jerusalem; Shammua, and Shobab, and Nathan, and Solomon, 1Ch 14:4
Shammuah or Shimea or Shammua son.
The different spellings of the name are discussed in Note No. 03.
born in Jerusalem And these be the names of those that were born unto him in Jerusalem; Shammuah, and Shobab, Nathan, and Solomon, 2Sa 5:14
Sheba the son of Bichri, a Benjamite, from the mountains of Ephraim a man of Belial, the last chief of the Absalom insurrection. Sheba revolted unsuccessfully against David after Absalom's death. A woman of Abel-beth-machaah proposed the execution of Sheba. The head of Sheba was thrown over the wall, and the insurrection ended. And there happened to be there a man of Belial, whose name was Sheba, the son of Bichri, a Benjamite: and he blew a trumpet, and said, We have no part in David, neither have we inheritance in the son of Jesse: every man to his tents, O Israel. 2Sa 20:1
Shelomith great-grandson son of King Rehoboam, David's grandson. Shelomith's mother was Maachah, David's granddaughter. Maachah was the daughter of Absalom, the son of David. And after her he took Maachah the daughter of Absalom; which bare him Abijah, and Attai, and Ziza, and Shelomith. 2Ch 11:20
Shemaria or Shamariah great-grandson son of King Rehoboam, David's second successor, David's grandson. Shemaria's mother was Mahalath, David's granddaughter. Mahalath was the daughter of Jerimoth, the son of David. And Rehoboam took him Mahalath the daughter of Jerimoth the son of David to wife, and Abihail the daughter of Eliab the son of Jesse; Which bare him children; Jeush, and Shemariah, and Zaham. 2Ch 11:18-19
Shephatiah (5/6) fifth son, born in Hebron (5/6) son of Abital And the fourth, Adonijah the son of Haggith; and the fifth, Shephatiah the son of Abital; 2Sa 3:4
Sheva he was scribe He is called elsewhere Seraiah (2Sa 8:17), and Shavsha (1Ch 18:16). Sheva was scribe: and Zadok and Abiathar were the priests: 2Sa 20:25
Shihor of Egypt, river one of the names given to the Nile in Scripture. One of the eastern arms of the Nile delta, Joshua 13:3 and 1Ch 13:5, it denotes the eastern boarder of Egypt. Also called Sihor, "Waters of Horus". So David gathered all Israel together, from Shihor of Egypt even unto the entering of Hemath, to bring the ark of God from Kirjathjearim. 1Ch 13:5
Shimea or Shammua or Shammuah son. The different spellings of the name are discussed in Note No. 03. son of Bathshua the daughter of Ammiel And these were born unto him in Jerusalem; Shimea, and Shobab, and Nathan, and Solomon, four, of Bathshua the daughter of Ammiel: 1Ch 3:5
Shimeah or Shammah or Shimma third eldest brother [3/8] Bethlehem But Amnon had a friend, whose name was Jonadab, the son of Shimeah David's brother: and Jonadab was a very subtil man. 2Sa 13:3
Shimei the son of Gera, a man of the family of the house of Saul a Benjamite and a kinsman of Saul, who cursed David for being a man of blood. He cursed David when David fled before Absalom, but when Absalom was dead he changed his tune and asked David for forgiveness. So he trimmed his sails to the wind. David, in the days he drew nigh that he should die, charged Solomon, that he should not hold Shimei guiltless and bring his head down to the grave with blood. And when king David came to Bahurim, behold, thence came out a man of the family of the house of Saul, whose name was Shimei, the son of Gera: he came forth, and cursed still as he came. 2Sa 16:5
Shimei name of a person an adherent of David at a time of Adonijah's usurpation who was not with Adonijah. But Zadok the priest, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and Nathan the prophet, and Shimei, and Rei, and the mighty men which belonged to David, were not with Adonijah. 1Ki 1:8
Shimma or Shimeah or Shammah third eldest brother [3/8] Bethlehem And Jesse begat his firstborn Eliab, and Abinadab the second, and Shimma the third, 1Ch 2:13
Shobab son son of Bathshua the daughter of Ammiel And these were born unto him in Jerusalem; Shimea, and Shobab, and Nathan, and Solomon, four, of Bathshua the daughter of Ammiel: 1Ch 3:5
Shobach the captain of the host of Hadarezer, king of the Syrians of Zoba, who was defeated by David in person at Helam. Shobach was wounded, and died on the field. And Hadarezer sent, and brought out the Syrians that were beyond the river: and they came to Helam; and Shobach the captain of the host of Hadarezer went before them. 2Sa 10:16
Shobi the son of Nahash of Rabbah this could have been the son of the king of Ammon, now Amman. When David was retreating to Mahanaim before Absalom, Shobi was one of those who provided rest and refreshment for David's company. And it came to pass, when David was come to Mahanaim, that Shobi the son of Nahash of Rabbah of the children of Ammon, and Machir the son of Ammiel of Lodebar, and Barzillai the Gileadite of Rogelim, Brought beds, and basons, and earthen vessels, and wheat, and barley, and flour, and parched corn, and beans, and lentiles, and parched pulse, 2Sa 17:27-28
Shochoh locality, in the low country of Judah Setting the battle in array against the Philistines. Here Goliath was slain. Now the Philistines gathered together their armies to battle, and were gathered together at Shochoh, which belongeth to Judah, and pitched between Shochoh and Azekah, in Ephesdammim. And Saul and the men of Israel were gathered together, and pitched by the valley of Elah, and set the battle in array against the Philistines. 1Sa 17:1-2
Shunammite native of Shunem. David's servants sought a young virgin, a fair damsel out of Israel for David to let her lie in the bosom of David that he may get heat and found Abishag a Shunammite and brought her to the king. A Shunammite was hostess of Elisha and a son was born to her according to Elisha's prediction and the son was raised up by the prophet after he had died. Two great women came from Shunem. Read about the second Shunammite in The vocabulary of silence. So they sought for a fair damsel throughout all the coasts of Israel, and found Abishag a Shunammite, and brought her to the king. 1Ki 1:3
Shunem town identified with Solem at the south-west foot of Little Hermon, three miles N. of Jezreel. Shunem was the site of the Philistine camp before the battle of Gilboa. And the Philistines gathered themselves together, and came and pitched in Shunem: and Saul gathered all Israel together, and they pitched in Gilboa. 1Sa 28:4
Shur region a wilderness-region in the NW part of the Sinai isthmus, S of the Mediterranean coastline and the 'way of the land of the Philistines', between the present line of the Suez Canal on its W and the 'River of Egypt' (Wadi el-'Arish) on its E. And David and his men went up, and invaded the Geshurites, and the Gezrites, and the Amalekites: for those nations were of old the inhabitants of the land, as thou goest to Shur, even unto the land of Egypt. 1Sa 27:8
Sirah locality a well about a mile north of Hebron And when Joab was come out from David, he sent messengers after Abner, which brought him again from the well of Sirah: but David knew it not. 2Sa 3:26
Sisters see Note No. 02 Zeruiah and Abigail Whose sisters were Zeruiah, and Abigail. And the sons of Zeruiah; Abishai, and Joab, and Asahel, three. 1Ch 2:16
Solomon son, king of Israel. Fifth son of Bathshua. Solomon succeeded David as king of Israel. Of the sons of Bathshube whose names are given he is mentioned as the fourth and last son of Bathshuba. After David's and Bathshuba's first child had died, David comforted Bathsheba his wife, and went in unto her, and lay with her: and she bare a son, and he called his name Solomon: and the LORD loved him. The other three sons of theirs seem to have been born before David repented and before the death of the first son; this seems to indicate that David was not right with God when he fathered these three sons. Solomon is the type of a leader of the children of God who starts right but then falls prey to the desires of the world and becomes worldly and therefore turns against God.
1Ki 11:33 "Because that they have forsaken me, and have worshipped Ashtoreth the goddess of the Zidonians, Chemosh the god of the Moabites, and Milcom the god of the children of Ammon, and have not walked in my ways, to do that which is right in mine eyes, and to keep my statutes and my judgments, as did David his father."
This is part of the prophecy given at a time when Solomon was still alive by the prophet Ahijah to Jeroboam, a man made a ruler by Solomon. And because of this prophecy Jeroboam lifted up his hand against Solomon and then had to flee to Egypt. After Solomon's death and after Rehoboam's arrogant attitude after he had succeeded his father on the throne, Jeroboam was made king by the people of the northern part of Israel. And that is how the division between the northern kingdom of Israel and the southern kingdom of Judah came into being. But the reason was Solomon not walking in God's ways.
Ashtoreth was the goddess of sensual love and to Chemosh and Milcom children were sacrificed in the fire. Children had to suffer, but that was only a one-off suffering; today parents hand over their children to priest to get raped over years and they are quite proud of it to be found worthy of a man of God.
And these were born unto him in Jerusalem; Shimea, and Shobab, and Nathan, and Solomon, four, of Bathshua the daughter of Ammiel: 1Ch 3:5
Sons see Note No. 03 and 04 David's sons were chief rulers. The names of 20 of David's sons are given. They are the sons beside the sons of the concubines. These were all the sons of David, beside the sons of the concubines, and Tamar their sister. 1Ch 3:9
Syria territory. The geographical entity Syria is bounded by the Taurus Mountains in the N, the W bend of the Euphrates river and the Arabian dessert-edge from there to the Dead Sea on the W, and Sinai isthmus at the extreme S. Syria was one of the territories David had conquered. And that was probably the greatest achievement of David, conquering these territories. What are these territories David conquered in spiritual terms? They are the things we should also conquer and subdue. All the bad things in our life. We are not to be slaves of our desires but we are to control them. David got them under his control and that was what made him great.
The twelve tribes of Israel, the church, form a solid body and as a united and powerful people under the laws, the protection and guidance of God are therefore supposed to stand in opposition as a judgement for all heathens, and also be a hard rock where all those may knock themselves who act against the will of God.
Which also king David did dedicate unto the LORD, with the silver and gold that he had dedicated of all nations which he subdued; Of Syria, and of Moab, and of the children of Ammon, and of the Philistines, and of Amalek, and of the spoil of Hadadezer, son of Rehob, king of Zobah. 2Sa 8:11-12
Syrians people inhabitants of either western Syria, i.e., on the Mediterranean, or of eastern, i.e., Mesopotamia. And when the Syrians of Damascus came to succour Hadadezer king of Zobah, David slew of the Syrians two and twenty thousand men. 2Sa 8:5
David dictionary
NameRelationship to DavidDetailsScripture text Scripture
Contents T       
Tachmonite a man that was Adino the Eznite, chief among the captains he lift up his spear against eight hundred, whom he slew at one time. These be the names of the mighty men whom David had: The Tachmonite that sat in the seat, chief among the captains; the same was Adino the Eznite: he lift up his spear against eight hundred, whom he slew at one time. 2Sa 23:8
Tahtimhodshi land to which Joab went to number the people of Israel Then they came to Gilead, and to the land of Tahtimhodshi; and they came to Danjaan, and about to Zidon, 2Sa 24:6
Talmai king of Geshur, David's father-in-law, father of his wife Maacah, the mother of Absalom (3/6) Talmai was the son of Ammihud, king of Geshur. After Absalom had murdered his brother Amnon he fled and went to Talmai. Talmai was his grandfather. And his second, Chileab, of Abigail the wife of Nabal the Carmelite; and the third, Absalom the son of Maacah the daughter of Talmai king of Geshur; 2Sa 3:3
Tamar (1) ancestor daughter-in-law of Judah And Judah took a wife for Er his firstborn, whose name was Tamar. Ge 38:6
Tamar (2) daughter Tamar was David's daughter from his wife Maaca. Tamar was the sister of Absalom (3/6). Amnon (1/6) raped Tamar (2) his half-sister, and her brother Absalom (3/6) revenged her two years after by causing Amnon (1/6) to be assassinated. And it came to pass after this, that Absalom the son of David had a fair sister, whose name was Tamar; and Amnon the son of David loved her. 2Sa 13:1
Tamar (3) granddaughter daughter of Absalom (3/6) And unto Absalom there were born three sons, and one daughter, whose name was Tamar: she was a woman of a fair countenance. 2Sa 14:27
Tekoah a town in Judah, about 6 miles S. of Bethlehem, and on the range of hills which rise near Hebron and stretch toward the Dead Sea. Tekoa is now called Takua, and is a ruined site, showing many Hebrew traces. Joab employed a "wise woman" residing in Tekoah to effect a reconciliation between David and Absalom. In Tekoah also, Ira, the son of Ikkesh, one of David's thirty "mighty men," was born, and was called on that account "the Tekoite." And Joab sent to Tekoah, and fetched thence a wise woman, and said unto her, I pray thee, feign thyself to be a mourner, and put on now mourning apparel, and anoint not thyself with oil, but be as a woman that had a long time mourned for the dead: 2Sa 14:2
Temple David took the initiative for the building of the temple in Jerusalem.
David had intimate contact with God and God did hear his voice out of his temple. And because David was the leader of God's church at his time, he wanted his people to do the same and practise the presence of God and the outer sign for this was the ark of the covenant and therefore David brought the ark to Jerusalem, for the first time, and also wanted to build a house for God, but God told him to leave this building of the temple to Solomon. David, however, collected much material for the building of the temple and made arrangements to have the task completed by his son Solomon.
David said that the Lord is his shepherd and that he does not want. He had no material wishes but he had spiritual desires and one of these was the building of the real church. It was actually his only desire because all the others, like his personal advance, was most closely associated with it.
In the passages from 1Ch 28:11 to 1Ch 29:8 we have a long list of all the stuff David prepared for the building of the temple.
What does this long list mean to us? All our material efforts should be for the building of the church, the real church.
The temple is our body, and the heart of the temple is the altar, and that is our heart, and there it is where it all happens: our thought life.
Casting down imaginations, and every high thing that exalteth itself against the knowledge of God, and bringing into captivity every thought to the obedience of Christ, 2Co 10:5.
So David did only preparatory work for the building of the temple.
The inception of having a temple came from David.
In 1Ch 28:12 we hear how David got the plans for the temple: "And the pattern of all that he had by the spirit, of the courts of the house of the LORD, and of all the chambers round about, of the treasuries of the house of God, and of the treasuries of the dedicated things."
And in 1Ch 28:19 we are told how David put the plans on paper: "All this, said David, the LORD made me understand in writing by his hand upon me, even all the works of this pattern."
Now this might sound mystical how David received the plans for the temple; but for a person led by the spirit this is not mystical at all, just daily routine. The communication with God is a spiritual one. It happens in the heart and the medium are thoughts. It is thought activity. Purely thoughts, no words spoken, not spoken by the person who does the praying and also not by God. One simply has to learn this thought communication. One speaks to God in thoughts and then one learns to listen to the thoughts coming in. It is as simple as that. But because it is so simple it cannot be fathomed by the intellect and is therefore considered to be something out of the world.
In my distress I called upon the LORD, and cried to my God: and he did hear my voice out of his temple, and my cry did enter into his ears. 2Sa 22:7
Thebez village Thebez is preserved in the large village of Tubas, 15 km northeast of Nablus (Shechem), a still important town. It is situated on the slopes and summit of a hill, whose sides are pierced with numerous cisterns, some in use. Hundreds of people even now live underground, in caves cut in the rock. Who smote Abimelech the son of Jerubbesheth? did not a woman cast a piece of a millstone upon him from the wall, that he died in Thebez? why went ye nigh the wall? then say thou, Thy servant Uriah the Hittite is dead also. 2Sa 11:21
The Book of Gad the Seer a book mentioned in the Bible Here we have a book that is mentioned in the Bible but is not a book of the Bible, the religious guys have eliminated it, like the book of Nathan the Prophet, and the book of Jasher and the book of the wars of the Lord. The writings of Jakob Lorber tell us that Moses actually wrote 7 books and not just 5. The 2 they took out were the book of the wars of Jehovah. Now the acts of David the king, first and last, behold, they are written in the book of Samuel the seer, and in the book of Nathan the prophet, and in the book of Gad the seer, 1Ch 29:29
The Book of Nathan the Prophet a book mentioned in the Bible Here we have a book that is mentioned in the Bible but is not a book of the Bible, the religious guys have eliminated it, like the book of Gad, and the book of Jasher and the book of the wars of the Lord. The writings of Jakob Lorber tell us that Moses actually wrote 7 books and not just 5. The 2 they took out were the book of the wars of Jehovah. Now the acts of David the king, first and last, behold, they are written in the book of Samuel the seer, and in the book of Nathan the prophet, and in the book of Gad the seer, 1Ch 29:29
The Book of Psalms a book of the Bible 73 of the Psalms are ascribed to David in the Hebrew titles. This explains the designation, "the Psalms of David." A Psalm of David, when he fled from Absalom his son. LORD, how are they increased that trouble me! many are they that rise up against me. Psalms 3:1
The Book of Ruth a book of the Bible, it is about Naomi and her daughter-in-law Ruth, the great-grandmother of David. In Ruth 4:17 the name David is mentioned for the first time in the Bible. The Book of Ruth describes the genealogy of David. The Book of Ruth describes "the days when the judges ruled" (Ru 1:1) very well. It was the culmination of the church. The church had elders, a multiplicity of elders. This great time of the church came to an end when the priests, the two sons of Eli, conducted themselves scandalously, and Eli rebuked them ineffectively. There is no need for conflict between elders and priests when both keep to God's word, but the New Testament church no longer has priests, it is only the imitation church, the man-made church, the wrong church which fights the true church all the way, which has re-established priests and their main aim is to fight and murder the prophets. And the women her neighbours gave it a name, saying, There is a son born to Naomi; and they called his name Obed: he is the father of Jesse, the father of David. Ru 4:17
The First Book of Chronicles a book of the Bible The two Books of Chronicles start with Adam and end with the proclamation of Cyrus, king of Persia, regarding the building of God's house in Jerusalem.
The First Book of Chronicles has two parts. The first part, 1Ch 1-9, contains genealogies and the second part, 1Ch 10-29, the acts of David:
His coming to power, 1Ch 10-12, his bringing the ark to Jerusalem and plans for a permanent temple, 1Ch 13-17, his military victories, 1Chr 18-20 and his arrangements for the building of the temple, 1Ch 21-29.
Adam, Sheth, Enosh, 1Ch 1:1
The First Book of Samuel a book of the Bible. It is about Samuel and Saul and David. Samuel is the principle character in the first part of the book and anoints the other two principle characters. In 1Sa 16:13 the name David is mentioned for the first time in that book. The book provides the transition from the era of the judges to the period of the Monarchy. The book describes the life of David before he became king. The life of David as king is described in the next book of the Bible, Second Book of Samuel. The genealogy of David is described in the book of the Bible called The Book of Ruth. Then Samuel took the horn of oil, and anointed him in the midst of his brethren: and the Spirit of the LORD came upon David from that day forward. So Samuel rose up, and went to Ramah. 1Sa 16:13
The First Book of the Kings a book of the Bible. The two Books of Kings are the closing part of the narrative which begins in Genesis and focuses on the story of Israel from her origins to the ending of her political independence by the Babylonians. Kings consists of an account of the Israelite monarchy and taking the history from its high point in the united monarchy to its low point in the Exile.

As a historical narrative the Books of Kings carry on the recital of the history of Israel where 1 and 2 Samuel leave off, just prior to the end of David's reign. The first 11 chapters of the First Book of the Kings deal with the rule of Solomon and the second 11 chapters with the contemporaneous reigns of the Judahite and Israelite Kings: until Jehoshaphat King of Judah and Ahaziah King of Israel. So it contains the history of the following descendants of David: Solomon, Rehoboam, Abijam, Asa and Jehoshaphat. All are kings of Judah. After Solomon Judah had 20 kings, all were descendants of David. The narrative is then continued in the Second Book of the Kings.

The Books of the Kings also contain the records of the two prophets Elijah and Elisha, great prophets in action.
At the beginning of the First Book of the Kings David's old age is described and how his son Adonijah's sets himself up as king and how David then makes Solomon king and how he charges Solomon. This is then the end of the reporting about David: Then sat Solomon upon the throne of David his father; and his kingdom was established greatly. 1Ki 2:12.

The chapters after this contain information about close relatives of David.
Now king David was old and stricken in years; and they covered him with clothes, but he gat no heat. 1Ki 1:1
The Second Book of Chronicles a book of the Bible. The two Books of Chronicles start with Adam and end with the proclamation of Cyrus, king of Persia, regarding the building of God's house in Jerusalem. The Second Book of Chronicles contains Israel's history from Solomon to Zedekiah, last king of Judah and Cyrus' proclamation.
The Book of Esra then takes up the account.
And Solomon the son of David was strengthened in his kingdom, and the LORD his God was with him, and magnified him exceedingly. 2Ch 1:1
The Second Book of Samuel. a book of the Bible. One spiritual meaning of The Second Book of Samuel is the elimination of the priesthood. The real church has elders but no priests. David is the model of an elder, of a person led by the spirit. A priest is a formally appointed person with outer signs of his office. David was led by the spirit and in addition he was also led by prophets. There were three of them around him: Samuel, Nathan and Gad. In the church they have something like an itinerant function as we see it in the New Testament. So the The Second Book of Samuel expresses already something of this conflict between the prophets and the priest which comes to a high point at the time of Jesus where the priests physically killed God when he came to Earth to visit his children. And this situation continued for the coming 2000 years by the priests being the killers of the prophets as prophesied by Jesus. But this conflict between prophets and priests only then exists when the prophets or the priests act against their original duty. The Second Book of Samuel is about David the king. It is about David's second part of life, as king.
One interesting thing about The Second Book of Samuel is that in this book the Levites and the descendants of Aaron, the priests, are not mentioned in connection with David fetching the ark from Kirjathjearim. This is not so in The First Book of Chronicles. Also in The Second Book of Samuel the fetching of the ark is described, as it is then also done in The First Book of Chronicles, but without mentioning the Levites and the priests. So the prophets, Samuel and Nathan and Gad, who wrote The Second Book of Samuel, the acts of David (1Chr 29:29), wrote about David re-establishing fully the worship of God but there they said nothing about the Levites and priests.
This conflict between the the real church and the priests emerges already at a time when David was still alive. One of the two priests, Abiathar, turned against David, 1Ki 1:7. At the time of Jesus the prophets, like Simeon and Anna and John the Baptist, were on Jesus' side and the priests killed him.
Now it came to pass after the death of Saul, when David was returned from the slaughter of the Amalekites, and David had abode two days in Ziklag; 2Sa 1:1
The Second Book of the Kings a book of the Bible. See also the text to the The First Book of the Kings. The first part of The Second Book of the Kings continues with the contemporaneous reigns of the Judahite and Israelite Kings until the northern kingdom of Israel goes into captivity, that is from 2Ki 1:1 to 2Ki 17:41. The second part of The Second Book of the Kings, from 2Ki 18:1 to 2Ki 25:30, the end of this book, then describes the reigns of the Judahite Kings to the Fall of Judah. When the northern kingdom of Israel went into captivity, Hezekiah was king in Judah and therefore 2Ki 18:1 starts with the history of Hezekiah.

And Hezekiah worked very well together with Isaiah the prophet and therefore The Second Book of the Kings brings much information about this prophet from whom we have great prophecies.
Then Moab rebelled against Israel after the death of Ahab. 2Ki 1:1
Toi king of Hamath an enemy of Hadadezer, saluting David When Toi king of Hamath heard that David had smitten all the host of Hadadezer, Then Toi sent Joram his son unto king David, to salute him, and to bless him, because he had fought against Hadadezer, and smitten him: for Hadadezer had wars with Toi. And Joram brought with him vessels of silver, and vessels of gold, and vessels of brass: 2Sa 8:9-10
Tyre city ancient Phoenician city located on the shore of the Mediterranean Sea, 20 miles from Sidon and 23 miles from Acre. And Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers to David, and cedar trees, and carpenters, and masons: and they built David an house. 2Sa 5:11
David dictionary
NameRelationship to DavidDetailsScripture text Scripture
Contents U       
Uriah the Hittite, soldier of David, one of the thirty mighty men of David first husband of Bathsheba. David committed two sins against Uriah; he took his wife and then he murdered him. And David sent and enquired after the woman. And one said, Is not this Bathsheba, the daughter of Eliam, the wife of Uriah the Hittite? 2Sa 11:3
Uriel of Gibeah father of Rehoboam's wife Michaiah, the daughter of Uriel of Gibeah Michaiah the daughter of Uriel of Gibeah was the mother of Abijah (2), king of Judah. He reigned three years in Jerusalem. His mother's name also was Michaiah the daughter of Uriel of Gibeah. And there was war between Abijah and Jeroboam 2Ch 13:2
Urim And thou shalt put in the breastplate of judgement the Urim and Thummim; and they shall be upon Aaron's heart. Ex 28:30. Little slab (ruby) causing a change in the state of consciousness (Zustandswechsel, jl.gso2.006,06) of the bearer and allowing him to be equipped with the deepest wisdom of the Lord. A Seer is someone who can see into the spiritual realm because he can change his state of consciousness and can therefore see things normally not seen. His sight is no longer limited to the normal range of sight, i.e. between 789 and 384 THz. And when Saul enquired of the LORD, the LORD answered him not, neither by dreams, nor by Urim, nor by prophets. 1Sa 28:6
Uzzah one of the sons of Abinadab, in whose house the ark was deposited. Uzzah, with his brother Ahio, accompanied the ark when David sought to remove it to Jerusalem. When the procession had reached the threshing floor of Nachon the oxen drawing the cart upon which the ark was placed stumbled. Uzzah, who was walking beside it, put out his hand to prevent its falling. He died immediately, being smitten by God on account of his offence. The event produced a profound sensation, and David, fearing to carry the ark any farther, had it placed in the house of Obed-edom.
Uzzah tried to prevent God, or the presence of God, to fall and that portrays an understanding of God that lacks knowledge of the power of God. But it is also a demonstration that the closer we come to God the more we must be like God otherwise the light surrounding God might kill us.
There will always be people who want to protect God from falling. I can well imagine that there were people in the history of writings like those coming from Jakob Lorber and Bertha Dudde, who wanted to protect God from being harmed, and that they did it in this way that they carried out interventions in the texts; that they perhaps changed or left parts out or made entire parts disappear, because their lack of faith made them think it to be necessary or they were of the opinion that the text was not politically correct. And this of course applies to any form of God's word; the books of the Bible are good examples, and especially the books of the Bible the hypocrites took out of it, like the Apocryphal books.
There is one interesting aspect to this story about Uzzah as it is written in The Second Book of Samuel, a book written by prophets, and that is that no priests and Levites are mentioned there, they are only mentioned in The First Book of Chronicles, written by priests. In The First Book of Chronicles the priest and the Levites play an important role in the narrative and that suggest that a similar hijacking of the real church took place by the false church as it happend 1000 years later when Orthodoxy hijacked the body of Christ. And they set the ark of God upon a new cart, and brought it out of the house of Abinadab that was in Gibeah: and Uzzah and Ahio, the sons of Abinadab, drave the new cart. 2Sa 6:3
David dictionary
NameRelationship to DavidDetailsScripture text Scripture
Contents V       
Valley of salt ravine ravine on the border between Judah and Edom, south of the Dead Sea And David gat him a name when he returned from smiting of the Syrians in the valley of salt, being eighteen thousand men. 2Sa 8:13
David dictionary
NameRelationship to DavidDetailsScripture text Scripture
Contents W       
Wives see Note No. 04 The names of 8 wives of David are given And David took him more concubines and wives out of Jerusalem, after he was come from Hebron: and there were yet sons and daughters born to David. 2Sa 5:13
David dictionary
NameRelationship to DavidDetailsScripture text Scripture
Contents X       
David dictionary
NameRelationship to DavidDetailsScripture text Scripture
Contents Y       
David dictionary
NameRelationship to DavidDetailsScripture text Scripture
Contents Z       
Zadok son of Ahitub, who was a descendant of Eleazar, third son of Aaron, and eleventh in descendant from Aaron. He was a priest in David's court along with Abiathar. Zadok took part in the anointing of Solomon as David's successor when Abiathar supported Adonijah. So Abiathar adhered to Adonijah when Adonijah attempted to become king. For this unwise move Solomon banished Abiathar to Anathoth, deposing him from his office, and confining the high priestly succession to Zadok of the elder line of Aaron's sons. In this manner the rule of Eli's house terminated in fulfilment of prophecy. And Zadok the son of Ahitub, and Ahimelech the son of Abiathar, were the priests; and Seraiah was the scribe; 2Sa 8:17
Zaham great-grandson son of King Rehoboam, David's second successor, David's grandson. His mother was Mahalath, David's granddaughter. And Rehoboam took him Mahalath the daughter of Jerimoth the son of David to wife, and Abihail the daughter of Eliab the son of Jesse; Which bare him children; Jeush, and Shamariah, and Zaham. 2Ch 11:18-19
Zebadiah son of nephew son of David's nephew Asahel. Zebadiah and his father Asahel were top military leaders of David. Zebadiah became his father's successor after his father Asahel was slain by Abner. The fourth captain for the fourth month was Asahel the brother of Joab, and Zebadiah his son after him: and in his course were twenty and four thousand. 1Ch 27:7
Zelah town in Benjamin, which was the family burying place of Kish, the father of Saul. And the bones of Saul and Jonathan his son buried they in the country of Benjamin in Zelah, in the sepulchre of Kish his father: and they performed all that the king commanded. And after that God was intreated for the land. 2Sa 21:14
Zeruiah sister. Mother of 3 generals of David, Abishai, Joab and Asahel. Zeruiah is called the sister of David and his brothers; and sister to Abigail. Zeruiah is not called the daughter of Jesse; this could mean she was also a daughter of Nahash as Abigail her sister. She seems to be an elder sister of David, a daughter of David's mother from a previous marriage. Also her three sons seem to be of the age of David, because when David was 30 years old they were already grown up men. Then answered David and said to Ahimelech the Hittite, and to Abishai the son of Zeruiah, brother to Joab, saying, Who will go down with me to Saul to the camp? And Abishai said, I will go down with thee. 1Sa 26:6
Ziba a servant of the house of Saul called by David. Ziba introduced Mephibosheth to David when he desired to honour Jonathan's memory. When Mephibosheth was given a place at court, Ziba was appointed steward of Saul's estates bestowed on Mephibosheth. When David was driven out by Absalom's rebellion Ziba brought him food and also falsely accused Mephibosheth of deserting the king. David accepted his story, did not ascertain the other side, and gave the property to Ziba. On David's return, Ziba hastened to meet him, but later his treachery was revealed. David, in a difficult position, divided the property between them, and Mephibosheth was seemingly content. And there was of the house of Saul a servant whose name was Ziba. And when they had called him unto David, the king said unto him, Art thou Ziba? And he said, Thy servant is he. 2Sa 9:2
Zidon place, also called Sidon to which Joab went to number the people of Israel. A very ancient and wealthy city, on the Mediterranean, about 25 miles north of Tyre. A major walled city and port in ancient Phoenicia, now located on the coast of Lebanon, now called Saida. Then they came to Gilead, and to the land of Tahtimhodshi; and they came to Danjaan, and about to Zidon, 2Sa 24:6
Ziklag locality, near the Edomite boundary, in the S of Judah David, when a Philistine vassal, ruled Ziklag and was later able to retain and incorporate it in his own realm. It was made David's residence for a year and four months by the appointment of Achish, king of Gath. It was destroyed once by the Amalekites, who in turn were routed utterly by David. It was at Ziklag that David received the news of Saul's death. Then Achish gave him Ziklag that day: wherefore Ziklag pertaineth unto the kings of Judah unto this day. 1Sa 27:6
Zion the city of David. Originally the rock escarpment on the ridge between the Kidron valley and the Tyropeoean Valleys of Jerusalem. Zion constitutes a formidable natural fortress. Zion refers to Jerusalem, the city that David conquered and made a capital of the united Kingdom of Israel. In a prophetic sense, Zion has reference to Jerusalem as the future capital city of the nation Israel in the Kingdom Age, Isaiah 1:27, 2:3, 4:1-6, Joel 3:16, Zechariah 1:16-17, 8:3-8, Romans 11:26. The New Testament also refers Zion to the New Jerusalem, Hebrews 12:22-24, the central city into which the church will be received. Nevertheless David took the strong hold of Zion: the same is the city of David. 2Sa 5:7
Ziph town town 4 miles S. E. of Hebron. A town in the desert of Ziph, to which David fled from Saul. And David abode in the wilderness in strong holds, and remained in a mountain in the wilderness of Ziph. And Saul sought him every day, but God delivered him not into his hand. 1Sa 23:14
Ziza great-grandson son of King Rehoboam, Solomons's successor, David's grandson. His mother was Maachah, David's granddaughter. And after her he took Maachah the daughter of Absalom; which bare him Abijah, and Attai, and Ziza, and Shelomith. 2Ch 11:20
Zoba place The Ammonites secured mercenary soldiers from Zoba to fight against David. And when the children of Ammon saw that they stank before David, the children of Ammon sent and hired the Syrians of Bethrehob, and the Syrians of Zoba, twenty thousand footmen, and of king Maacah a thousand men, and of Ishtob twelve thousand men. 2Sa 10:6
Zobah kingdom, Zobah lay north and south of Damascus Zobah was an Aramaen state David smote also Hadadezer, the son of Rehob, king of Zobah, as he went to recover his border at the river Euphrates. 2Sa 8:3
Zoheleth name of a place a rocky and dangerous ledge or plateau "by En-rogel" upon which Adonijah slew oxen and sheep. It overhangs the Kidron valley. This has been identified for the present Arab name Zahweilah, a cliff on which the village of Silwan or Silvam stands. And Adonijah slew sheep and oxen and fat cattle by the stone of Zoheleth, which is by Enrogel, and called all his brethren the king's sons, and all the men of Judah the king's servants: 1Ki 1:9

 

Contents Note No. 1
Webpages showing other details of the Israelites:
2.4 The time of Adam’s creation
2.5 Bar chart of the lives of the 22 patriarchs.
2.6 Bar chart of the lives of Israel’s patriarchs
2.7 Bar chart of the first Israelites
2.8 Bar chart of the Israelites
2.9 Bar chart of the Judges – from Moses to Solomon
2.10 Bar chart of Old Testament kings and prophets
2.11 Bar chart of Old Testament kings and prophets, No. 2
2.14 Genealogical table of Abraham and his family
2.15 Genealogical table of Moses and his family
2.16 Genealogical table of David and his family

 

Contents Note No. 2
David and his brothers and sisters

Now David was the son of that Ephrathite of Bethlehemjudah, whose name was Jesse; and he had eight sons, 1Sa 17:12.

David and his brothers and sisters
No. Father's name Sister Brother
Jesse Nahash Name Name Tag
Zeruiah
xAbigail
1xEliab[1/8]
2xAbinadab[2/8]
3xShammah or Shimeah or Shimma[3/8]
4xNethaneel[4/8]
5xRaddai[5/8]
6xOzem[6/8]
7xDavid[7/8]
8xElihu[8/8]

In 2Sa 17:25 it is said that Abigail was the daughter of Nahash, and that she was the sister to Zeruiah. This could imply that also Zeruiah was a daughter of Nahash. The two sisters are listed first because they seem to have been older than the brothers; they could have been daughters of David's mother from a previous marriage. The sons of these two sisters of David seem to be about the same age as David.

 

Contents Note No. 3
Here a list of the names of 13 sons of David that were born unto him in Jerusalem and whose names are given. The list shows that some names are spelled differently in different chapters. The mother of the first four sons is Bathshua and the names of the mothers of the other 9 sons are not given:

 

Names of 13 sons of David born in Jerusalem
Mother Bathshua  
2Sa 5:14-16 Shammuah Shobab Nathan Solomon Ibhar Elishua Nepheg Japhia Elishama Eliada Eliphalet
1Ch 3:5-8 Shimea Shobab Nathan Solomon Ibhar Elishama Eliphelet Nogah Nepheg Japhia Elishama Eliada Eliphelet
1Ch 14:4-7 Shammua Shobab Nathan Solomon Ibhar Elishua Elpalet Nogah Nepheg Japhia Elishama Beeliada Eliphalet

 

Contents Note No. 4
A list of the wives and children of David whose names are given follows. The names of 8 wives of David are given. David's sons were chief rulers (2Sa 8:18). The names of 20 of his sons are given. They are the sons beside the sons of the concubines. The name of one of David's daughters is given, Tamar. According to 2Sa 5:13 David had several daughters. Here the list:

 

Names of David's wives and children
No. of sonPlace of birth of childMother or wifeDaughter Son
NameName of daughterTag Name of son Name of son Name of son Tag
Michal
1HebronAhinoam Amnon (1/6)
2HebronAbigail Chileab Daniel (2/6)
3HebronMaacah Absalom Abishalom (3/6)
HebronMaacahTamar(2)
4HebronHaggith Adonijah (4/6)
5HebronAbital Shephatiah (5/6)
6HebronEglah Ithream (6/6)
7JerusalemBathshuha Shammuah Shimea Shammua
8JerusalemBathshuha Shobab
9JerusalemBathshuha Nathan
10JerusalemBathshuha Solomon
11Jerusalem Ibhar
12Jerusalem Elishua Elishama
13Jerusalem Eliphelet Elpalet
14Jerusalem Nogah
15Jerusalem Nepheg
16Jerusalem Japhia
17Jerusalem Elishama
18Jerusalem Eliada Beeliada
19Jerusalem Eliphalet
20 Jerimoth

 

Contents Note No. 5
Bar chart showing the times of events in the life of David

Bar chart showing the times of events in the life of David
One letter, for example D like David, represents about 2 years; 5 letters, for example David, represent about 10 years.
The years are years before Christ.

Name        Description of event                                  Duration in years
                                                                     Start, years before Christ
                                                                          End, years before Christ
                                                                                Bars
Years before Christ                                                       1050                     1000                      950                      900
                                                                             |    .    .    .    .    |    .    .    .    .    |    .    .    .    .    |    .    .

Ebenezer    Battle at Ebenezer                                       1047       E
Ark         the Philistines brought it from Ebenezer to Ashdod                  A 
Ark         the Philistines carried it to Gath                                   G
Ark         they sent the ark of God to Ekron                                    E
Ark         the ark was in Philistine 7 months                                    7
Ark         2 cows take the ark back to Israel, to Beth-shemesh                   B
Ark         22 years in Beth-shemesh                              22              Beth-shemes
Ark         the men of Kirjath-jearim fetch the ark                                         K
Ark         20 years in Kirjath-jearim                            20                        Kirjath-je
Samuel      dies                                                                             S
Saul        in Gibeah, king of Israel                             32 1043 1011   SaulSaulSaulSaul
Ishbosheth  king of the Northern Kingdom of Israel                 2                              Is
David       born                                                     1041         D
David       his life before he became king                        30 1041 1011    DavidDavidDavid
David       in Ziklag, in Philistia, 1 year and 4 months           1 1012 1011                  Z
David       in Hebron, king of the southern Kingdom of Judah       7 1011 1004                   Hebr
David       in Jerusalem, king of the united Israel               33 1004  971                       JerusalemJerusal
David       fetches the ark from Kirath-jearim                                                        K
David       carried the ark into the house of Obededom                                                O
David       left the ark in the house of Obededom for 3 months                                         O
David       brought the ark into the city of David                                                     A
David       life after he made Solomon king                        ?  971    ?                                       ???
David       dies                                                             ?.........................................?
Solomon     in Jerusalem, king of the united Isreal               40  971  931                                       SolomonSolomonSolomo
Temple      building of temple in Jerusalem starts                    966                                              T
Jeroboam    in Samaria, king of the northern kingdom of Israel    21  931  910                                                           JeroboamJe
Nadab       in Samaria, king of the northern kingdom of Israel     1  901  909.....................................................................N
Baasha      in Samaria, king of the northern kingdom of Israel    23  909  886                                                                      BaashaBaash
Rehoboam    in Jerusalem, king of the southern kingdom of Judah   18  931  913                                                           RehoboamR
Abijam      in Jerusalem, king of the southern kingdom of Judah    2  913  911                                                                    A
Asa         in Jerusalem, king of the southern kingdom of Judah   41  911  870.....................................................................AsaAsaAsaAsaAsaAsaAs
                                                                             |    .    .    .    .    |    .    .    .    .    |    .    .    .    .    |    .    .
Years before Christ                                                       1050                     1000                      950                      900

 

Contents Note No. 6
The descriptions of localities in the above dictionary are helpful to better understand circumstances described in the Bible. For example how David met his future wife Abigail. David was in the wilderness of Paran (1Sa 25:1), that is in the Sinaitic Peninsula, in the utter south of Israel, and Nabal and Abigail were in Maon, which is 13 km south from Hebron and 2 km south of Carmel, also in the South, and Nabal's possessions were in Carmel, that is not the Carmel in the North at the Mediterranean coast, but a town in Judah, some 12 km SSE of Hebron, and the meeting took place at a fourth location. This place of meeting might have been quite close to the wilderness of Paran and there was probably only one road to the North and so Abigail and David could only take this road.

Contents Note No. 7
Saul, the predecessor of David as king of Israel, became, after he lost his anointing, the typical representative of the person who seems to lead the children of God but has no anointing and fights the person who has the anointing and is therefore a killer of the prophets. He again and again tried to kill David. And in-between he played the godly man with holy words and humbleness. And the next moment he again wages war against David. One example of his falseness was in the wilderness of Ziph, where David went down to Saul to the camp (1Sa 26) while Saul was sleeping. But David did not destroy the king but just took his spear and then went over to the other side and cried to Saul and accused him of trying to murder him. And Saul then said, "I have sinned - I will no more do thee harm - I have erred exceedingly." Saul was all full of holy talk and a moment later a took up again murderous action.

Contents Note No. 8
The relationship between Saul and David can be compared to the relationship between Orthodoxy and the genuine church, the real body of Christ. Saul was the murderer of Ahimelech, and wanted to be the murderer of the prophet David, he tried to kill him. Orthodoxy always tries to incite the people to kill the real followers of Christ. The priests in Jerusalem incited the people to force the Romans to kill Jesus. It was the priests of God who killed God. The priests of Orthodoxy are still doing the same thing for 2000 years, inciting the people to kill a prophet wherever one appears. I once lived again in Germany and read an American book and there was a prophetess mentioned, living in Germany. So I got interested and went to the library and found several books there about this prophetess. I picked up one book and had a look at it. The writer found a lot of faults with the prophetess. She had formed an organization and therefore created problems and these problems were now highlighted by the writer, not the word of God she proclaimed. So he obviously intended to incite the people to murder the prophetess. And then I red about the writer of the book. He was a Sektenbeauftragter of the Lutheran Church, so a cleric who is a heretic hunter, whose duty it is to wage war against other sects. The Lutheran Church of course considers itself, especially in Germany where it is a state church, not to be a sect at all. But its main purpose is to incite the people to murder the prophets, to wage war against God, to provide them with a lot of religion but to keep them away from God, like all other sects as well. An example is Jakob Böhme, he was persecuted by a Lutheran cleric. They are all that what Jesus calls them: killers of prophets.

Contents Note No. 9
The relationship between Saul and David can also be compared to the relationship between Diotrephes and John as described in Diotrephes, the Man of Orthodoxy. Like Saul also Diotrephes was appointed an elder, probably in the church of Ephesus, may be even by Paul himself, may be Diotrephes was even present when Paul spoke to the elders in Ephesus, Acts 20:18-35. This speech is a prophecy about the coming 2000 years of Orthodoxy. It is about killing of prophets, about stealing of sheep. Diotrephes wanted to be first and Saul had the attitude that because of him now being King there was nobody to be better than him. Instead of rejoicing about David and his contributions to the kingdom he allowed a negative attitude towards David to take over his life - and become a killer because of this. So it is today with a typical cleric. Let he be approached by a prophet and he will immediately put his hand in the pocket in search for the matches. And when he successfully has finished him off at the stake he will make a saint out of him and build a memorial on top of his grave: ye build the tombs of the prophets, and garnish the sepulchres of the righteous, Matthew 23:29. Saul was not satisfied of being appointed elder in God's church, he wanted to be first, just like Diotrephes. He did not want to serve, he wanted to be served. He wanted to rule and therefore robbed the holy spirit of this role.

Contents Note No. 10
David displayed a seemingly strange behaviour when he fasted while his son, the first son by his wife Bathsheba, was very sick, and besought God for the child. And then the child died and the people said: Behold, while the child was yet alive, we spake unto him, and he would not hearken unto our voice: how will he then vex himself, if we tell him that the child is dead? And exactly the opposite happened. When David heard that the child was dead, he behaved normal, and stopped all fasting and beseeching of God and the people could not understand this. And so it is today, people do not understand real life. They mourn for a dead person and have big funerals, but instead they should beseech God for a person as long as that person is still alive, because this person can then still make a decision and turn to God, but when this person is dead, we cannot bring this person back, we shall shall go to him, but he shall not return to us. So we should beseech God for people who are live; that they are going to die is known since they have been born. So mourning and big funerals are just religious traditions of the elders and strengthen the position of the clerics.

Contents Note No. 11
In 2Sa 12:24 we read: "And David comforted Bathsheba his wife, and went in unto her, and lay with her: and she bare a son, and he called his name Solomon: and the LORD loved him." David had gotten things straightened out with God and that is the way men should have sex with their wife, being right with God, and fathering children should be the only reason having sex because the conquering of the material, physical side of life is the main aim, overcoming all urges of the bodies, and getting rid of the slavery to matter and the imprisonment in the body. Today's obsession with sex just shows how depraved mankind has become. There are only two purposes for sex: The first one is to make children in order to further the spiritualisation of physical things and the second is to learn to control these sexual desires. This verse also shows that Salomon was the son born to David by Bathsheba after their first son had died. Solomon was their fifth son and the three sons born after the first and before the fifth where therefore born before the death of the first son. The Bible does not provide the name of the first son of David and Bathsheba, but the names of the next four sons. Three times the four sons of David by Bathsheba, where the Bible provides names, are listed in the Bible and Solomon is always the fourth, not the first, this could be an indication that the other three sons of Bathsheba, Shammua and Shobab and Nathan, were born before the first son died and before Solomon. This would mean that David was not right with God when he fathered these children and people should not father children when in such a state.
Here still a comment to Shammua; he of course could have been the first son of David and Bathsheba; the statement that the name of the first child, the child that died as child, is not given, would then be wrong.

Contents Note No. 12
It is our job to gain control of the desires of the body and learn to overcome the urges of the flesh. We should be masters and, for instance, eat not more than required and get fat, or sleep more than necessary and neglect needed work, but what is even more important, is that we get rid of the bad things and habits in our life and put an end to them. And these are our enemies. And this killing of the sins in our life is represented in the Old Testament with the battles and all the killings reported there. We have to defeat these enemies and kill them for good. If we do not kill them then they will come up again. And the reason why we often do not really kill them, is that we have ulterior motives and they are often of the material kind. Like Saul, he got commanded, in 1 Samuel 15:3 "Now go and smite Amalek, and utterly destroy all that they have, and spare them not; but slay both man and woman, infant and suckling, ox and sheep, camel and ass." And Saul did not do this. Here comes what really happened, 1 Samuel 15:9 "But Saul and the people spared Agag, and the best of the sheep, and of the oxen, and of the fatlings, and the lambs, and all that was good, and would not utterly destroy them." The children of God were to learn to overcome the desires for material goods, but they spared the best of the stuff. So they did not obey God and his prophet Samuel, and Samuel had to hew Agag in pieces before the Lord in Gilgal. Saul did not obey God and so God had to find another leader for his children and that is how David was chosen by God and anointed by Samuel.
God's command to Saul to kill and destroy all the enemy was probably given to Saul because God knew Saul's love for material things and wanted to help him overcoming this evil trait. The love for material things, for the world, is typical for people of the man-made churches.

Contents Note No. 13
In 2Sa 15:8 Absalom said to David: "For thy servant vowed a vow while I abode at Geshur in Syria, saying, If the LORD shall bring me again indeed to Jerusalem, then I will serve the LORD." This is a typical behaviour of the false servants of the Lord, the hypocrites, they tell everyone that they are serving the Lord, but actually they are plotting against the Lord and his true servant. It is always the same, the clerics, the ones who appoint themselves as leaders of the children of God, are the murderers of the prophets. What is more is that Absalom only then wants to serve God when God does exactly what Absalom wants from God. When God does not do this then he therefore wants to remain an enemy of God.

Contents Note No. 14
Now follows a quote from Jesus when he stood on the rock of Gilgal. It is the eighth verse from chapter 188 of volume 8 of Jakob Lorber's work The Great Gospel of John and gives one reason why we are dealing here with this material about David:
"When all of us where upon the very spacious top of the hill, there I climbed up on a small piece of rock, which was in the middle of the hill, which just had the height of half a man, and on this point I was easily seen and heard by all those present and said: »Listen, on this stone on which I now stand, my servant Joshua once stood! This certainly has no life worth for man, but it still does no harm to any soul, when it is well-versed in the history of prehistory; because a soul well-versed in the history of times and peoples will not so easily fall into all kinds of superstition, which has no proper knowledge of the history of prehistory and therefore banishes everything into the realm either of the fabulous, which is not truth for them, or into the area of superstition, upon which area a man then soon and easily accepts everything as literally true, what he somewhat heard as something special.«

Contents Note No. 15
Under the entry Gilgal we read: "See! That is the hill Araloth, and the place upon we now stand is called Gilgal and is the same on which Joshua has circumcised the children of Israel for the second time according the command of the Lord!
But the rock upon which I now stand and recall for you the old story again into memory, exists of exactly those twelve stones, which the just also twelve priests brought to this place out of the middle of Jordan at this occasion when the people crossed the Jordan on dry foot, as a sign of the miraculous guidance through the power of God, and therefore put up and assembled together as they are now here still present, through which Joshua symbolically indicated to the people that the twelve tribes of Israel, which have been introduced through the twelve stones, which are here put together and fit together, also form a solid body and as a united and powerful people under the laws, the protection and guidance of God are therefore supposed to stand in opposition as a judgement for all heathens, and also be a hard rock where all those may knock themselves who act against the will of God."
Now this is a powerful description of the church, a church that stands out as a rock, a solid body, a united and powerful people under God, protected by God, guided by God, and in opposition to all pagans, and as a judgement against them, and as a stumbling stone where all knock themselves who oppose God.
All the bloody fights described in the Bible, in the Old Testament, are in reality symbolic for the true church fighting people, spiritually, who insist in remaining in opposition to God, are symbolic for the final fight of the real church against the superior numbers of people who continue to fight God. And in all those battles in the Old Testament where God's people stood on the side of God and won the victory, we find the final battle symbolized where the enemy ends up in the bottomless pit. We fight spiritually and in the Old Testament the fight was a material one, there the slaughtering was a physical one, there people were physically butchered, and that is something what the favour of God brings about, because the final battle, which is then fought by God himself, goes far above this, because then men are not just killed physically, but there also the soul of these men is thrown into the bottomless pit for infinite times. In the Old Testament only the body was killed and the soul went to the hereafter and there it had the opportunity to change, but this is not the case when body and soul are thrown into the bottomless pit.

Contents Note No. 16
Let us have a look at David's life by comparing it to the life of his son Solomon. Solomon was a wise man. His wisdom is legendary. But in the end he failed. Solomon's great-grandfather, the grandfather of his mother Bathshua, Ahithophel, was considered a very wise man. Ahithophel's counsel was as if a man had enquired at the oracle of God. He was an advisor to David. But in the end he also failed. He hanged himself. Wisdom is an important thing, but it might not be enough. A really successful person might even be able do without it. What really counts is the connectedness with God. Without this, 'it is who you know', a person might be very wise, but may fail in the end.

Contents Note No. 17
Now let us have a look at David's relationship with the church. He was the elder but he always also acted like a normal member of the church. He listened to the prophets and he did not just listen to them, he also did what they told him. He was humble. He was correctable. He accepted the prophets and their service and did not kill them like a clergyman. He always acted in consensus with the church. He became the elder of the church because they wanted him to be their elder. There was unity between the church and the elder. There was not something like clergy and laity. The self-correcting mechanisms of the church worked. He also listened to the corrections of other members of the church, even when sometimes a little bit too late. The most important job of an elder is to keep a wrong elder, the wolf in sheep clothing, the clergyman, out of the church and David did this successfully. Absalom's revolt as well as Adonijah's are witnesses to this.

Contents Note No. 18
Once again we want to come back to the assignment of the twelve tribes of Israel. They are to form a solid body. They are to be a united and powerful people under the laws, the protection and the guidances of God. They are to face all heathen as judgement. They are to be hard rock, where all those are supposed to knock themselves, who act against the will of God. It was this what David was for the pagans. It is the function of the true church, especially during the times of the end. Then the church becomes for many judgement, rock, stumbling block. David is also the symbol of this function of the church: judgement, rock, stumbling stone. David was it, when he appeared as warrior. But he differentiated clearly between war with the pagans and conduct in the church. That can be seen from 1Ki 2:5: "Moreover thou knowest also what Joab the son of Zeruiah did to me, and what he did to the two captains of the hosts of Israel, unto Abner the son of Ner, and unto Amasa the son of Jether, whom he slew, and shed the blood of war in peace, and put the blood of war upon his girdle that was about his loins, and in his shoes that were on his feet." It is wrong to take revenge in peace for blood shed in war. The church differentiates between war with the heathen, therefore judgement, rock and stumbling block, and between dealings with the members of the assembly. When one member of the church, or several, desert the church, then they are treated as pagans, but when they then return, then they are again members of the assembly. When Abner or Amasa stand outside of the body of believers, then they are treated like pagans, fought, in a spiritual sense, but when the two then again belong to it, then we cannot revenge in peace for blood shed in war.

Contents Note No. 19
David was a man who lived a life in a church which was exemplary. One aspect of this success was the proper functioning of the role of the prophets. They played a role that involved a correcting mechanism and was successful because the members were led by the spirit and reacted to the spirit and to prophecy. Now the kingdom of Juda lasted several centuries and at the end of that time the situation had deteriorated considerably. At the beginning of that kingdom the prophets were fully accepted and supported and at the end the prophets were considered to be undermining the political aims of the kings, and that was because the kings had left the ways of God. The two most outstanding prophets were Ezekiel in Babylon and Jeremiah in Jerusalem. And Jeremiah was severely persecuted and was nearly killed. And this situation deteriorated even further and six centuries later the priest had managed to establish a regime of terror and the prophet that then arose, the greatest of them all, was not only severely persecuted but was also nailed to the cross.

Contents Note No. 20
The second King of the separated kingdom of Juda was Abia or Abijah or Abijam. He was the son of Rehoboam, the son of Solomon. There exist the following two pieces of information:
Now in the eighteenth year of king Jeroboam the son of Nebat reigned Abijam over Judah. Three years reigned he in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Maachah, the daughter of Abishalom. 1Ki 15:1-2.
Now in the eighteenth year of king Jeroboam began Abijah to reign over Judah. He reigned three years in Jerusalem. His mother's name also was Michaiah the daughter of Uriel of Gibeah. 2Ch 13:1-2.
Shortly before 2Ch 13:1-2, in 2Ch 11:22, it is reported about Rehoboam that he thought to make Abijah the son of Maachah king. And in 2Ch 11:20 Maachah is called the daughter of Absalom, which bare him Abijah. From these pieces of information one could conclude that Rehoboam had two sons with the name Abia, from two different wives, the first from Maachah the daughter of Absalom, and the second from Michaiah the daughter of Uriel of Gebeah. The first one Rehoboan thought to make king, but then the second really became king.
Another solution of this difficulty could be that the mother of Abijah had two names, and that Absalom was her grandfather and that Uriel of Gibeah was the son-in-law of Absalom.

Contents Note No. 21
The webpage David's family brings a table that shows the connections of the relatives of David's family somewhat more pictorially.

 

 

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